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The centrosomin (cnn) gene encodes a protein associated with mitotic centrosomes in Drosophila melanogaster and is a target of homeotic gene regulation. Here we report that CNN is an essential component of the centrosome. Loss of zygotic cnn expression disrupts the development of the second midgut constriction, the gastric caeca, and the nervous system.(More)
Centrosomes and microtubules play crucial roles during cell division and differentiation. Spermatogenesis is a useful system for studying centrosomal function since it involves both mitosis and meiosis, and also transformation of the centriole into the sperm basal body. Centrosomin is a protein localized to the mitotic centrosomes in Drosophila(More)
Graves' ophthalmopathy is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the orbit, characterized by inflammation and proliferation of the orbital tissue caused by CD4+T cells and orbital fibroblasts. Despite recent substantial findings regarding its cellular and molecular foundations, the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy remains unclear. Accumulating data(More)
PURPOSE Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) has been reported to induce the instability of the tear film. The tear protein and the lipid layer play important roles in maintaining the tear film. The aim of this study was to quantify the alteration of the major tear protein components and a lipid related protein secretory type IIa phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIa) in(More)
PURPOSE Proteins in the tear fluid have positive effects on maintaining the integrity and stabilization of the tear film, which is affected by several environmental factors. The aim of this study is to investigate seasonal variation of protein patterns in camel tears collected during the summer and winter season. METHODS Tears from both eyes of 50(More)
Bilateral acute optic neuritis (AON) is rare in adults in Western countries, but is relatively common in Asian populations. We aimed to document clinical features in Chinese patients with bilateral AON, and to identify factors that are predictive of visual acuity outcome. We reviewed 41 patients (23 males, 18 females; age 18-74 years) diagnosed with(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 30-50% of idiopathic optic neuritis (ION) patients experience one or multiple episodes of recurrence. The aim of this study was to search for risk factors for ION recurrence. METHODS Clinical data on hospitalized patients diagnosed with ION between January 2003 and January 2011 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical(More)
This manuscript serves as an online supplement of a preprint, which presents a study on a kind of bilayer networks where some nodes (called interconnecting nodes) in two layers merge. A model showing an important general property of the bilayer networks is proposed. Then the analytic discussion of the model is compared with empirical conclusions. We present(More)
We present a model, in which some nodes (called interconnecting nodes) in two networks merge and play the roles in both the networks. The model analytic and simulation discussions show a monotonically increasing dependence of interconnecting node topological position difference and a monotonically decreasing dependence of the interconnecting node number on(More)
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