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Co-exposure to cadmium, cobalt, lead and other heavy metals occurs in many occupational settings, such as pigment and batteries production, galvanization and recycling of electric tools. However, little is known about interactions between several heavy metals. In the present study we determined DNA single strand break (DNA-SSB) induction and repair capacity(More)
8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) is a DNA repair enzyme that excises 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8oxoG) from DNA. Since 8oxoG is a highly mispairing lesion, decreased OGG1 expression level could lead to a higher background mutation frequency and could possibly increase the cancer risk of an individual under oxidative stress. In order to analyse the(More)
The DNA repair enzymes O 6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE, also known as Ref-1) play an important role in cellular defense against the mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of DNA-damaging agents. Cells with low enzyme activity are more sensitive to induced DNA damage and may confer a higher carcinogenic(More)
A recent study reported that exposure of student embalmers in Cincinnati to high concentrations of formaldehyde (2 mg/m3) reduced the activity of the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Reduction in a DNA repair enzyme may strongly increase the cancer risk not only with respect to the repair-enzyme causing agent but with(More)
The core-recognition motif for TCDD-liganded AhR/ARNT complex of the dioxin-responsive element (DRE) contains four guanine residues, three on the antisense (5'-T(T)/(A)GCGTG-3') and one on the sense (5'-CACGC(A)/(T)A-3') strand. It has been reported that, in methylation-protection and methylation-interference assays, the TCDD-liganded AhR/ARNT contacts all(More)
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