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The aim of this study was to characterize the receptor subtype involved in cardiac effects of prostanoids. For this purpose we determined in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes effects of prostanoids on inositol phosphate (InsP)-formation (assessed as accumulation of total [(3)H]-InsP's in myo-[(3)H]-inositol pre-labelled cells) and on rate of protein(More)
1. Angiotensin II (AII) and the endothelins (ET) are known to be potent trophic stimuli in various cells including cardiomyocytes. In order to characterize further these effects we studied, in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes, the effects of several endothelin-receptor antagonists and the AT1-receptor antagonist losartan on AII- and(More)
LoVo adenocarcinoma cells are fairly sensitive to cytostatic drugs, e.g. doxorubicin, but can develop drug resistance by expression of a P-glycoprotein-mediated MDR1 phenotype. LoVo cells respond with apoptosis to nanomolar concentrations of okadaic acid and micromolar concentrations of cantharidic acid. Interestingly, LoVoDx cells which had become about(More)
The M1 muscarinic receptor antagonist pirenzepine in low doses decreases resting heart rate; this effect declines with age (Poller, U., G. Nedelka, J. Radke, K. Pönicke, and O.-E. Brodde. 1997. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 29:187-193). To study possible mechanisms underlying this effect, we assessed (a) in six young (26 yr old) and six older volunteers (61 yr(More)
The impact of early emotional experience on the development of serotonergic and dopaminergic fiber innervation of the nucleus accumbens, hippocampal formation and the amygdala was quantitatively investigated in the precocious rodent Octodon degus. Two animal groups were compared: 1) degus which were repeatedly separated from their parents during the first(More)
CVID is a primary immune disorder in which hypogammaglobulinaemia may be associated with a number of T cell defects including lymphopenia, anergy, impaired lymphocyte proliferation and deficient cytokine secretion. In this study we show that T cells of CVID subjects, in comparison with control T cells, undergo spontaneous apoptosis in culture and markedly(More)
CVI is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by a failure of B cell differentiation associated with an array of T cell defects, such as enhanced T cell apoptosis. In this study we investigated the mechanisms underlying CVI enhanced T cell death. We analysed both the expression of Fas using flow cytometry techniques and the expression of FasL mRNA using(More)
Our recent findings indicate that, in rat neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes, endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces increases in the rate of protein synthesis in a partly pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive manner, and that angiotensin II-evoked increases in the rate of protein synthesis are brought about via local secretion of ET-1. The aim of this study was to find(More)
The i.v. bolus application of 1 nmol/kg endothelin-1 (ET-1) in anaesthetized and ventilated guinea-pigs caused an increase in mean arterial blood pressure (BP) and a bronchoconstriction. Both have been reduced or abolished by COX inhibition (ASA) or substances specifically reducing the thromboxane A2 (TXA2) generation (HOE 944) or receptor binding (BM(More)
The tyrosine-kinase receptor c-kit (CD117) and its ligand stem cell factor are considered to be co-expressed in various solid tumors, including adenocarcinomas of the lung. The frequency of c-kit expression and its association with clinical parameters has not yet been evaluated in a larger population of lung adenocarcinomas. Therefore, tumor tissue of 95(More)