Kai Hamburger

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We studied the time course of apparent rotation and directional reversal in Leviant's Enigma figure. On average, periods of clockwise rotation lasted 5.0 s as opposed to 4.4 for counter-clockwise rotation, resulting in an average reversal frequency of 6.4 within 30 s. At the beginning of a trial, clockwise rotation was perceived almost twice as often as(More)
In 1981 Leviant devised Enigma, a figure that elicits perceived rotary motion in the absence of real motion. However, despite its striking appearance there is no good explanation for this motion illusion to date. Gregory (1993 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 253 123) pointed out a similarity to MacKay's 'complementary' afterimage in his ray(More)
We introduce a new virtual environment (VE) called SQUARELAND, consisting of a 10×10 block maze, which allows for all kinds of investigations in human wayfinding. It enables researchers to quickly implement experiments on indoorand outdoor wayfinding, including variations of route length, route complexity, availability of landmarks, etc. The basic setup was(More)
The idea of a largely segregated processing of color and form was initially supported by observations that geometric-optical illusions vanish under isoluminance. However, this finding is inconsistent with some psychophysical studies and also with physiological evidence showing that color and luminance are processed together by largely overlapping sets of(More)
We investigated the figural dynamics of filling-in processes in figures with more than one possible figure-ground organisation. Using a central disk and two concentric rings as well as similar stimuli consisting of three nested squares or parallel stripes, we tested for filling-in with different equiluminant colour combinations. We observed four modes of(More)
Looking at the world with one eye, we do not notice a scotoma in the receptor-free area of the visual field where the optic nerve leaves the eye. Rather we perceive the brightness, color, and texture of the adjacent area as if they were actually there. The mechanisms underlying this kind of perceptual filling-in remain controversial. To better understand(More)
In the horizontal-vertical illusion (HVI), the length of the vertical line is overestimated, whereas in the bisection illusion (BI), the horizontal bisecting line is expected to be overestimated. Here, only half of our 22 observers showed the expected BI, whereas the other half underestimated the bisecting line. Observers also differed in their judgments of(More)
In a classic Hermann grid display, faint and transient (illusory) spots are produced at the intersections of a white grid superimposed on a black background (or vice versa). In a variant of the Hermann grid developed by Spillmann and Levine (Spillmann, L., & Levine, J. (1971). Contrast enhancement in a Hermann grid with variable figure-ground ratio.(More)
Anomalous motion illusions represent a popular class of illusions and several studies have made an effort to explain their perception. However, understanding is still inconsistent. Age-related differences in susceptibility to illusory motion may contribute to further clarification of the underlying processing mechanisms. We investigated the effect of age on(More)