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Recruitment of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) remains a paramount prerequisite in innate immune defense and a critical cofounder in inflammatory vascular disease. Neutrophil recruitment comprises a cascade of concerted events allowing for capture, adhesion and extravasation of the leukocyte. Whereas PMN rolling, binding, and diapedesis are well(More)
The pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains incompletely understood, despite its prevalence and contributing role in stroke and heart failure. Whereas previous studies have focused on the electrophysiological characteristics of AF, recent reports shed light on structural remodeling of the atria as a prerequisite for AF. Recent evidence suggests(More)
Observational clinical and ex vivo studies have established a strong association between atrial fibrillation and inflammation. However, whether inflammation is the cause or the consequence of atrial fibrillation and which specific inflammatory mediators may increase the atria's susceptibility to fibrillation remain elusive. Here we provide experimental and(More)
BACKGROUND Vernix caseosa is a protective biofilm covering the fetus during the last trimester. Vernix and epidermal barrier lipids (i.e. cholesterol, free fatty acids and ceramides) appear to share protective functions for fetal and neonatal skin. OBJECTIVES To analyse vernix samples for epidermal barrier lipid content, and to compare lipid profiles of(More)
AIMS Rhythm follow-up after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF ablation) is mainly based on Holter electrocardiogramm (ECG), tele-ECG or on patients symptoms. However, studies using 7-day Holter or tele-ECG follow-up revealed a significant number of asymptomatic recurrences. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse continuous atrial recordings(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by adverse remodeling of pulmonary arteries. Although the origin of the disease and its underlying pathophysiology remain incompletely understood, inflammation has been identified as a central mediator of disease progression. Oxidative inflammatory conditions support the formation of electrophilic fatty(More)
BACKGROUND Recent observational clinical and ex-vivo studies suggest that inflammation and in particular leukocyte activation predisposes to atrial fibrillation (AF). However, whether local binding and extravasation of leukocytes into atrial myocardium is an essential prerequisite for the initiation and propagation of AF remains elusive. Here we(More)
AIMS Observational studies have suggested a mechanistic link between the leucocyte-derived enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) and vasomotor function. Here, we tested whether MPO is systemically affecting vascular tone in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 12 135 patients were screened for leucocyte peroxidase activity. We identified 15 individuals with low(More)
Activation of leukocytes, in particular polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN), is considered an early event in unstable coronary disease. Upon activation PMN liberate myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme which binds to the vessel wall and depletes vascular NO bioavailability. Using coronary balloon angioplasty as a trigger to provoke coronary plaque injury, we(More)
Atrial fibrosis with enhanced turnover and deposition of matrix proteins leads to inhomogeneous atrial electrical conduction and gives rise to electrical reentry circuits resulting in atrial fibrillation. The multifactorial pathogenesis of atrial fibrosis involves resident cardiac cells as well as infiltrating leukocytes, both generating and sequestering(More)