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A flexible framework is presented which performs multiple-description coding of speech signals with two or more channels. The use of forward error correction codes together with a layered speech codec permits encoding into more than two descriptions without excessive increase in complexity. Results of a formal MOS listening test reveal considerable(More)
Increasingly, multimedia collections are associated with networked communities consisting of interconnected groups of users who create, annotate, browse, search, share, view, critique and remix collection content. Information arises within networked communities via connections among users and in the course of interactions between users and content.(More)
We present a hierarchical, multi-modal approach for geo-referencing Flickr videos. Our approach makes use of external resources to identify toponyms in the metadata and of visual features to identify similar content. We use a database of more than 3.6 million Flickr images to group them into geographical areas and to build a hierarchical model. First, the(More)
  • Kai Clüver
  • 1996 8th European Signal Processing Conference…
  • 1996
A speech codec for ATM networks is presented which includes ATM adaptation layer functions, a voice activity detection, and a new method for the reconstruction of lost cells. As the cell assembly already requires a relatively high buffering delay, only algorithms are applied which introduce small additional delays. The reconstruction of lost cells is based(More)
A practical approach for the design of multiple-description scalar quantization of speech is presented that conforms to standard G.711 PCM. The method chiefly consists of an index assignment algorithm that enables the side decoders to exhibit SNR characteristics comparable to those of the standard logarithmic quantizer. With two-channel transmission of(More)
1.1 Abstract Packetized speech transmission systems implemented with Voice over IP are gaining momentum against the traditional circuit switched systems despite the fact that packet switched VoIP is two to three times less efficient then its circuit switched counter part. At the time same time it is supporting just a rather bad “toll” quality. We believe(More)
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