Learn More
Studies of cortical proximal nephrons and plasma membrane vesicles suggest that a Ca-Na exchanger regulates intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in renal tubular cells. We tested this hypothesis in isolated perfused rabbit connecting segments by measuring [Ca2+]i with fura-2. Within 2 min of replacing bath NaCl with mannitol, [Ca2+]i rose from a base(More)
OBJECTIVE Autophagy is a critical cellular system for removal of aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. Although dysregulated autophagy is implicated in the development of heart failure, the role of autophagy in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy has not been studied. We investigated whether chronic activation of the AMP-activated protein(More)
Heparin-binding (HB) epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the EGF protein family, is a potent mitogen for fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and keratinocytes that was initially identified as a secreted product of macrophage-like cells. HB-EGF and EGF appear to act on target cells utilizing the same receptor, but HB-EGF is(More)
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a newly described member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family that is mitogenic for BALB/c 3T3 cells, inhibits the binding of 125I-EGF to its receptor, and triggers autophosphorylation of the EGF receptor. HB-EGF was purified from the conditioned medium of U-937 cells using cation(More)
Urinary calcium excretion is regulated homeostatically. Regulation is achieved, in part, by the action of parathyroid hormone on Ca2+ absorption in the distal nephron. Parathyroid hormone increases Ca2+ absorption in the cortical portion of the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop in all species studied, in the murine distal convoluted tubule, and in the(More)
The present investigations were performed to evaluate whether calcium modulates the physical state and lipid composition of rat enterocyte plasma membranes in vivo. Ca2+ [CaCl2 (50 mM) in NaCl] or NaCl (vehicle control) was administered to rats by intraluminal (gavage) or intraperitoneal routes. Sixty minutes later, brush-border (BBM) and basolateral(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that genetic deletion or pharmacological blockade of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) prevents the early structural changes in the glomerulus associated with diabetic nephropathy. To overcome limitations of mouse models that lack the progressive glomerulosclerosis observed in humans, we studied the(More)
Previous uncertainty regarding glomerular ultrafilterability (UF) of aluminum has limited the definition of renal Al handling. Glomerular micropuncture was therefore performed in hydropenic Munich-Wistar rats infused with AlCl3 to achieve plasma (P) Al levels between 2 and 10 mg/liter. Glomerular fluid, P, and urine Al concentrations were measured by(More)
To define the mechanism for the hypercalciuria in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Ca clearance was evaluated in fasted 23-wk-old SHR and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKy) controls. There was no exaggerated calciuria before or after parathyroidectomy. Ca balance was therefore measured in the nonfasted animals, which revealed hyperabsorption in SHR of(More)
The structural domains of human apolipoprotein B-100 in low density lipoproteins (LDL) and the conformational changes of B-100 that accompany the conversion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) to LDL were investigated by limited proteolysis with 12 endoproteases of various specificities, and their cleavage sites were determined. In B-100 of LDL, we(More)