Kai-Che Liu

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Surgical procedures have undergone considerable advancement during the last few decades. More recently, the availability of some imaging methods intraoperatively has added a new dimension to minimally invasive techniques. Augmented reality in surgery has been a topic of intense interest and research. Augmented reality involves usage of computer vision(More)
This paper presents an advanced augmented reality system for spinal surgery assistance, and develops entry-point guidance prior to vertebroplasty spinal surgery. Based on image-based marker detection and tracking, the proposed camera-projector system superimposes pre-operative 3-D images onto patients. The patients' preoperative 3-D image model is(More)
Laparoscopic surgery is indispensable from the current surgical procedures. It uses an endoscope system of camera and light source, and surgical instruments which pass through the small incisions on the abdomen of the patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Conventional laparoscope (endoscope) systems produce 2D colored video images which do not provide(More)
Operation in minimally invasive surgery is more difficult since the surgeons perform operations without haptic feedback or depth perception. Moreover, the field of view perceived by the surgeons through endoscopy is usually quite limited. The goal of this paper is to allow surgeons to see wide-angle images from endoscopy without the drawback of lens(More)
Wide-angle cameras have been widely used in surveillance and endoscopic imaging. An automatic distortion correction method is very useful for these applications. Traditional methods extract corners or curved straight lines for estimating distortion parameters. Hough transform is a powerful tool to assess straightness. However, previous methods usually(More)
In this paper, we present a quality enhancement scheme for endoscopic images. Traditional algorithms might be able to enhance the image contrast, but possible over-enhancement also lead to bad overall visual quality which prevents surgeons from accurate examination or operations of instruments in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS). Our proposed scheme(More)
In the paper, we proposed a mass detection method based on texture analysis and neural classifier. The proposed mass detection method is composed of two parts: ROI selection, feature extraction, and neural classifier. ROI selection is used to reduce the computational complexity of the proposed scheme. In the texture analysis, the intensity and texture(More)