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A number of human protein misfolding disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are closely related to the accumulation of β-sheet-rich amyloid fibrils or aggregates. Neuronal toxicity in AD has been linked to the interactions of amyloid-β (Aβ) with metals, especially Zn(2+), Cu(2+), and Fe(3+), which leads to the production of reactive oxygen species.(More)
We have fabricated label-free protein biosensors based on aptamer-modified carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNT-FETs) for the detection of immunoglobulin E (IgE). After the covalent immobilization of 5'-amino-modified 45-mer aptamers on the CNT channels, the electrical properties of the CNT-FETs were monitored in real time. The introduction of(More)
The STAT3 gene is abnormally active in glioblastoma (GBM) and is a critically important mediator of tumor growth and therapeutic resistance in GBM. Thus, for poorly treated brain cancers such as gliomas, astrocytomas, and glioblastomas, which harbor constitutively activated STAT3, a STAT3-targeting therapeutic will be of significant importance. Herein, we(More)
Recent trends and challenges in the electrochemical methods for the detection of DNA hybridization are reviewed. Electrochemistry has superior properties over the other existing measurement systems, because electrochemical biosensors can provide rapid, simple and low-cost on-field detection. Electrochemical measurement protocols are also suitable for mass(More)
In this study, we present the detection of tau protein, at room temperature, using a multi-spot localised surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-based immunochip. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an immunochip for tau protein. The detection method includes fabrication of a gold-capped nanoparticle LSPR chip, formation and(More)
The immunochromatographic assay is a well-known and convenient diagnostic system. In this report, the development of a novel enhancement assay for the test strips is described. Additionally, this highly sensitive immunochromatographic assay was applied to detect human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (HCG) as the model case. The primary antibody-conjugated(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder marked by numerous causative factors of disease progression, termed pathologies. We report here the synthesis of a small library of novel sym-triazine compounds designed for targeted modulation of multiple pathologies related to AD, specifically human acetylcholinesterase (AChE),(More)
A novel method for multiplex TaqMan PCR in nanoliter volumes on a highly integrated silicon microchamber array is described. Three different gene targets, related to beta-actin, sex-determining region Y (SRY), and Rhesus D (RhD) were amplified and detected simultaneously on the same chip by using three different types of human genomic DNA as the templates.(More)
We present the first electrochemical detection, characterization, and kinetic study of the aggregation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid beta peptides (Abeta-40, Abeta-42) using three different voltammetric techniques at a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). This method is based on detecting changes in the oxidation signal of tyrosine (Tyr) residue. As the(More)
A maturity sensor system was developed, based on the combination of three electrically measured parameters, pH, NH(4)(+) concentration, and phosphatase activity in the water extracts of compost samples. One of these parameters, the apparent phosphatase activity in crude test solutions was determined using screen-printed carbon strips (SPCSs) coated with(More)