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We investigated the correlation between plasma ratio of dihydrouracil/uracil (UH2/Ura), a possible surrogate biomarker of hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment efficacy in rats with colorectal cancer (CRC). 5-FU pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies were performed using DPD circadian variation in(More)
We developed a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model with the value of the plasma ratio of dihydrouracil (UH2)/uracil (Ura), which is a possible surrogate biomarker of hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activity, determined before 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment to simulate the growth of tumors after 5-FU treatment in rats with colorectal(More)
The relationship between the plasma ratio of dihydrouracil/uracil (UH2/Ura) and hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity after repeated 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) treatment in rats with colorectal cancer (CRC) was investigated. Repeated intravenous 5-FU bolus injections resulted in a significant decrease in the total clearance (CLtot ) and an(More)
To investigate the hepatic dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity in colorectal cancer (CRC), which is critically important to create a patient-specific dosing regimen, we performed 5-FU pharmacokinetic studies in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine–induced CRC model rats (CRC rats). After rats received 5-FU intravenous (IV) bolus injections, the area under the(More)
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