Kadoudja Chemlal

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OBJECTIVE To compare bone mass loss due to deflazacort versus prednisone in longterm treatment of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) in a randomized double blind comparative trial. METHODS Seventy-four patients were included in a prospective multicenter study. Half received deflazacort (DFZ) and the other half prednisone (PR) for a minimum of 12(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) and fluconazole, administered intraperitoneally for 7 days, were compared in a rabbit model for Candida albicans endocarditis. When given early, AmB was more effective than fluconazole for reducing CFU counts in vegetations (P < 0.01) and kidneys. Forty-eight hours after the last dose, AmB was still detected in all vegetations whereas(More)
We report a single case documenting substantial improvement in the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated, biopsy-proven nephropathy after introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Our case report joins several others recording improvement or stabilization in the course of nephropathy following better control of HIV replication.
We evaluated prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among prison inmates in France in 2010, in a cross-sectional single-day study based on a two-stage design. Sampling favoured larger establishments and included all types of prisons. Establishments were stratified by geographical region. Estimates were adjusted by(More)
Endothelin is a recently isolated 21 amino acid peptide with vasoconstrictor activity. It seems to be part of the "hormonal" production by the vascular endothelium and might play a key role in the regulation of vasomotricity. The principal property of endothelin is that it induces an intense and prolonged arterial and venous contraction. Endothelin is(More)
BACKGROUND Lemierre's syndrome is a potentially severe though uncommon entity consisting in septic emboli from an internal jugular vein thrombus after oropharyngeal infection. CASE REPORT A 21-year-old man initially treated for acute pharnygeal infection developed fever and lower chest pain related to multiple pulmonary abscesses. The diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a protease inhibitor sparing, quadruple therapy (Combivir + abacavir + efavirenz) in antiretroviral treatment-naive HIV-1-infected adults. DESIGN Multicenter open-label pilot study. Clinical and biological assessments were performed at baseline and at weeks 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48. RESULTS Thirty-one(More)