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Increasing antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria, particularly in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae, presents a global medical challenge. No new antibiotics will be available for these 'superbugs' in the near future due to the dry antibiotic discovery pipeline. Colistin and polymyxin B are increasingly used… (More)
The impact of under-acylation of lipid A on the interaction between Klebsiella pneumoniae LPS and polymyxins B and E was examined with fluorometric and calorimetric methods, and by (1)H NMR, using a paired wild type (WT) and the ΔlpxM mutant strains B5055 and B5055ΔlpxM, which predominantly express LPS with hexa- and penta-acylated lipid A structures… (More)
Selenium (Se) was measured in the semen of 125 men from couples consulting for infertility. A mean concentration of 71.3 +/- 29.7 ng/ml of semen was found, with a range of 7 to 230 ng/ml. More than 85% of the Se is in the seminal plasma. There was a significant positive correlation between sperm count and semen Se. Sperm motility was maximal at semen Se… (More)
Cholesteryl sulfate is a normal constituent of human spermatozoa. The in vitro uptake of tritiated cholesteryl sulfate resulted in the labeling of all spermatozoa as demonstrated by light-microscope radioautography. The binding of the sterol sulfate was localized mainly in the head and midpiece. Radioautography at the level of the electron microscope… (More)
Protein C23 (Mr = 110,000; pI, 5.5) is the major phosphoprotein in the nucleolus of Novikoff hepatoma cells and comprises 9.5% of the total nucleolar protein. In addition to being highly phosphorylated (1.2 mol % of phosphoserine), it is also highly methylated. Protein C23 contains 1.3 mol % of NG,NG-dimethylarginine and a trace of NG-monomethylarginine.
The androgen receptor content in the prostate has been usually evaluated using subcellular fractions without taking into account cellular and functional heterogeneity of the gland. Using enriched populations of immature canine prostatic epithelial cells cultured in primary monolayers, a whole cell assay system was developed to measure androgen receptors.… (More)
Two new methods for the modification of PAMAM dendrimers have been developed which allow the covergent synthesis of either peptide or carbohydrate-bearing dendrimer molecules. Both methods involve condensation between hydroxylamino nucleophiles and appropriate carbonyl-bearing reaction partners.
We have recently shown that the major proteins of bovine seminal plasma, namely BSP-A1, BSP-A2, BSP-A3 and BSP-30-kDa (collectively called BSP proteins) bind to spermatozoa and that the binding sites on the plasma membrane of spermatozoa are choline phospholipids. In view of the fact that these phospholipids are substrates for phospholipase A2 (PLA2), a key… (More)
In order to verify the hypothesis that selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) could improve male fertility, nine oligoasthenoteratozoospermic men were supplemented for a period of 6 mo with Se and Vit E. Compared to the baseline period (presupplementation) of 4 mo, statistically significant increases were observed for Se and Vit E levels, sperm motility,… (More)