Kachio Tasaka

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We studied the roles of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K)-protein kinase B/Akt-BAD cascade in both cisplatin-resistant Caov-3 and -sensitive A2780 human ovarian cancer cell lines. Treatment of both Caov-3 and A2780 cells with cisplatin but not with the trans-diaminodichloroplatinum (transplatin) isomer stimulated the activation of Akt, and the PI-3K(More)
Although estrogen is known to activate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the vascular endothelium, the molecular mechanism responsible for this effect remains to be elucidated. In studies of both human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and simian virus 40-transformed rat lung vascular endothelial cells (TRLECs), 17beta-estradiol (E2), but(More)
Synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) has been shown to play an important role in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in neurons and endocrine cells. During fertilization, sperm-egg fusion induces cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization and subsequently Ca2+-dependent cortical granule (CG) exocytosis in eggs. However, it is not yet clear whether SNAP-25 is involved(More)
The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is a crucial pathophysiological process in the development of atherosclerosis. Although estrogen is known to inhibit the proliferation of VSMC, the mechanism responsible for this effect remains to be elucidated. In addition, the effect of raloxifene on VSMC remains unknown. We have shown here that(More)
Methanol extract from cultured Scutellaria baicalensis cells inhibited the proliferation of human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 and human osteogenic sarcoma cell line HOS. The inhibitory effects of baicalin, baicalein and wogonin, the three major flavonoids contained in the extract, were studied. It should be noted that wogonin did not show the(More)
When rat mast cells loaded with fluorescent Ca2+ indicator Quin 2 were exposed to either compound 48/80 (0.1 micrograms/mL) or substance P (2 microM) at 37 degrees C for 30 seconds in a Ca-free medium, a marked increase of Quin 2 fluorescence was noticed, indicating that Ca2+ was released from the intracellular Ca store. The pixel values of the whole cell(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates cellular proliferation, angiogenesis, inflammation, and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of TWEAK on human bronchial epithelial cells. A human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS2B, expressed a(More)
Although gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) have been used in the therapy of the endocrine-dependent cancers, their biological mechanism remained obscure. We have studied the roles of mitogen-activated protein kinase family in the antiproliferative effect of GnRHa on the Caov-3 human ovarian cancer cell line. Reverse transcription-PCR assays(More)
The expression of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and its role in gliomas have not been well examined. In the present study TSP-1 expression in a panel of malignant glioma cell lines and the expression of TSP-1 and transforming growth factor (TGF-beta) proteins in low-grade and malignant glioma tissues were investigated. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
In this study, the role of histamine in interleukin-1 (IL-1) formation in murine bone marrow stromal cells was investigated in vitro. It was found that histamine and 4-methylhistamine increased the number of granulocyte colony-forming units in murine bone marrow cells. A similar effect was elicited by dibutyryl-cAMP and theophylline. When histamine and H2(More)