Kaare R. Norum

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The requirement of vitamin A (retinoids) for vision has been recognized for decades. In addition, vitamin A is involved in fetal development and in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of cells throughout life. This fat-soluble organic compound cannot be synthesized endogenously by humans and thus is an essential nutrient; a well-regulated(More)
Associations were determined between retinol and the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), respectively, and the organochlorine contaminants (OCs) polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 1, 1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(4-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) in blood plasma from polar bears (Ursus(More)
We have studied hepatic uptake of chylomicron retinyl ester. Chylomicrons were obtained from intestinal lymph of rats that were given retinol in groundnut oil by intraduodenal injection. When lymph was injected intravenously into normal rats, the radioactivity was cleared from blood with t1/2 approximately equal to 10 min. Retinyl ester was taken up(More)
Newly absorbed chylomicron remnant retinyl ester is endocytosed by parenchymal liver cells, and retinol is subsequently transferred to perisinusoidal stellate cells in liver. In the present study we have used several approaches to elucidate the mechanism for the paracrine transfer of retinol between liver parenchymal and stellate cells. In one series of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the food consumption patterns in relation to wealth status and age groups in a Palestinian West Bank village population. DESIGN Community-based cross-sectional survey of both households and individuals. A list recall method was used at the household level. At the individual level, a short food-frequency questionnaire was used in(More)
A WOMAN WITH FAMILIAL PLASMA LECITHIN: cholesterol acyltransferase (L.C.A.T.) deficiency showed, like the other reported cases, obvious corneal opacity, proteinuria, and moderate anaemia with a slight haemolytic component. In the plasma the concentrations of free cholesterol, triglycerides, and lecithin were high, and those of esterified cholesterol,(More)
Unadapted rats and other animal species have a limited capacity to metabolize monounsaturated fatty acids with 22 carbons (22:1). Excess amounts in the diet of fats containing these fatty acids cause a transient accumulation (lipidosis) of triacylglycerol in the heart and other tissues but not in the liver, which seems to export the 22:1 fatty acids as very(More)