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Type I interferons are important in regulating immune responses to pathogens and tumors. All interferons are considered to signal via the heterodimeric IFNAR1-IFNAR2 complex, yet some subtypes such as interferon-β (IFN-β) can exhibit distinct functional properties, although the molecular basis of this is unclear. Here we demonstrate IFN-β can uniquely and(More)
The innate immune system senses pathogens through pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) that signal to induce effector cytokines, such as type I interferons (IFNs). We characterized IFN-ε as a type I IFN because it signaled via the Ifnar1 and Ifnar2 receptors to induce IFN-regulated genes. In contrast to other type I IFNs, IFN-ε was not induced by known PRR(More)
Previous mutational analysis for BRCA gene mutations in sporadic ovarian cancer occurring in Chinese patients in Hong Kong identified six germline BRCA1 mutations and one germline BRCA2 mutation, six of which were novel (Khoo et al., 2000). Knowledge of BRCA gene mutations in the Chinese population is relatively scant. In this study, we focussed on whether(More)
Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease, a potentially fatal lung infection. Alveolar macrophages support intracellular replication of L. pneumophila, however the contributions of other immune cell types to bacterial killing during infection are unclear. Here, we used recently described methods to characterise the major(More)
The mucosal system is the first line of defense against many pathogens. It is continuously exposed to dietary and microbial antigens, and thus the host must maintain a homeostatic environment between commensal microbiota and pathogenic infections. Following infections and inflammatory events, a rapid innate immune response is evoked to dampen the(More)
Kingella kingae is a common etiological agent of paediatric osteoarticular infections. While current research has expanded our understanding of K. kingae pathogenesis, there is a paucity of knowledge about host-pathogen interactions and virulence gene regulation. Many host-adapted bacterial pathogens contain phase variable DNA methyltransferases (mod(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) interferes with host cell signaling by injecting virulence effector proteins into enterocytes via a type III secretion system (T3SS). NleB1 is a novel T3SS glycosyltransferase effector from EPEC that transfers a single N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) moiety in an N-glycosidic linkage to Arg(117) of the Fas-associated(More)
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