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While portions of the mammalian olfactory system have been studied extensively, the anterior olfactory nucleus (AON) has been relatively ignored. Furthermore, the existing research is dispersed and obscured by many different nomenclatures and approaches. The present review collects and assembles the relatively sparse literature regarding the portion of the(More)
Much data on the olfactory bulb (OB) indicates that structural characteristics of odorant molecules are encoded as ordered, spatially consolidated sets of active cells. New results with "genetic tracing" (Zou et al. [2001] Nature 414:173-179) suggest that spatial order is also present in projections from the OB to the olfactory cortex. For the piriform(More)
Associational connections of pyramidal cells in rat posterior piriform cortex were studied by direct visualization of axons stained by intracellular injection in vivo. The results revealed that individual cells have widespread axonal arbors that extend over nearly the full length of the cerebral hemisphere. Within piriform cortex these arbors are highly(More)
Basket cells, defined by axons that preferentially contact cell bodies, were studied in rat piriform (olfactory) cortex with antisera to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic markers (GABA, glutamate decarboxylase) and to peptides and calcium binding proteins that are expressed by basket cells. Detailed visualization of dendritic and axonal arbors was(More)
The anterior olfactory nucleus (AON) is a central olfactory cortical structure that has heavy reciprocal connections with both the olfactory bulb (OB) and piriform cortex. While it has been firmly established that the AON is a primary source of bilateral projections in the olfactory system through extensive connections with both the ipsilateral and(More)
The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) has been characterized as a higher-order, multimodal sensory cortex. Evidence from electrophysiological and behavioral studies in the rat has suggested that OFC plays a role in modulating olfactory guided behavior, and a significant projection to OFC arises from piriform cortex, the traditional primary olfactory cortex. To(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that complex odorant stimuli are parsed into separate data streams in the glomeruli of the olfactory bulb, yielding a combinatorial "odotopic map." However, this pattern does not appear to be maintained in the piriform cortex, where stimuli appear to be coded in a distributed fashion. The anterior olfactory nucleus (AON)(More)
In adult rats, odor-evoked Fos protein expression is found in rostrocaudally-oriented bands of cells in anterior piriform cortex (APC), likely indicating functionally distinct subregions, while activated cells in posterior piriform cortex (PPC) lack apparent spatial organization. To determine whether these patterns are present during early postnatal life,(More)
The anterior olfactory nucleus (AON) lies between the olfactory bulb and piriform cortex and is the first bilaterally innervated structure in the olfactory system. It is typically divided into two subregions: pars externa and pars principalis. We examined the cytoarchitecture of pars principalis, the largest cellular area of the region, to determine whether(More)
Neonatal lesions of primary visual cortex (areas 17, 18 and 19; VC) in cats lead to significant changes in the organization of visual pathways, including severe retrograde degeneration of retinal ganglion cells of the X/beta class. Cells in posteromedial lateral suprasylvian (PMLS) cortex display plasticity in that they develop normal receptive-field(More)