KR Wallbanks

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Lysates of heads, hind- and midguts of male and female Phlebotomus papatasi were found to contain lectins or lectin-like molecules capable of agglutinating human red blood cell types of the ABO(H) system and promastigotes of Leishmania aethiopica, L. major and L. donovani but not L. hertigi hertigi promastigotes or Crithidia fasciculata choanomastigotes.(More)
The ultrastructure of the peritrophic membrane of the female sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi has been studied at various times after blood meals. The membrane begins to form within four hours of the blood meal with the secretion by the entire midgut epithelium of an electron-dense amorphous material. Subsequently, the membrane is stabilized and strengthened by(More)
Trypanosomes were isolated by culture from 2 out of 50 blood samples collected from reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) in northern Sweden and from a blood sample from a moose (Alces alces) from Southern Sweden. The parasites were indistinguishable morphologically from other trypanosomes reported from cervids, both as epimastigotes in axenic culture at 27(More)
Blood samples from 3000 Somali camels (Camelus dromedarius) were examined for trypanosome infection. Of these, 160 (5.33%) were infected with Trypanosoma evansi, one (0.03%) with T. congolense and one (0.03%) with T. brucei. Camel trypanosomiasis occurred in most areas of tabanid infestation throughout the country. The tabanids Philoliche zonata and P.(More)
Haemogamasinae/Laelapidae mites (Haemogamasus hirsutus, H. nidi and Eulaelaps stabularis) collected from nests of the mole (Talpa europaea) contained developmental stages (isosporan-type oocysts and independently developing macro-and microgametocytes) of a coccidian. These stages were observed in the haemocoele of living infected mites, in wet preparations(More)
The first description of an electron microscopic study of Trypanosoma corvi in the vector Ornithomyia avicularia is reported. There is a close association between vector and parasite in the midgut, ileum and rectum of the vector. The midgut distribution of parasites is determined by the peritrophic membrane, which confines the early infection to the(More)
Of 13 Swedish dairy cows examined, 12 (92.3%) were found to be infected with trypanosomes by cultivation of blood samples. Of the two species of tabanid fly caught close to the cattle, 33.3% of the Tabanus bromius and 8.6% of the Haematopota pluvialis were also found to be infected with trypanosomes on dissection. Isoenzyme patterns of trypanosome isolates(More)
A double clone of Trypanosoma platydactyli Catouillard, 1909, derived from a single trypomastigote from the blood of the Moorish gecko, Tarentola mauritanica, was grown in vitro. Morphogenesis of the parasites led to a stable population of promastigotes which were identical, in general morphology, ultrastructure and the electrophoretic mobility of 8(More)
The rodents Microtus agrestis, Clethrionomys glareolus, Apodemus sylvaticus and white BK rats were given either a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection, an intragastric (i.g.) inoculation or an oral (p.o.) inoculation of the culture forms, including metacyclic trypomastigotes, of Trypanosoma microti, T. evotomys, T. grosi and T. lewisi, respectively.(More)