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Krev-1 is an anti-oncogene that was originally identified by its ability to induce morphologic reversion of ras-transformed cells that continue to express the ras gene. The Krev-1-encoded protein is structurally related to Ras proteins. The biological activities of a series of ras-Krev-1 chimeras were studied to test the hypothesis that Krev-1 may directly(More)
The ras genes are required for normal cell growth and mediate transformation by oncogenes encoding protein tyrosine kinases. Normal ras can transform cells in vitro and in vivo, but mutationally activated ras does so much more efficiently, and highly transforming mutant versions of ras have been isolated from a variety of human and animal tumours. The ras(More)
Serum and growth factors can increase the proportion of Ras in the active guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound form. Growth factors might stimulate guanine nucleotide exchange or decrease the activity of the guanosine triphosphatase-activating proteins GAP and neurofibromin (NF1). In NIH 3T3 cells that overexpress the mutant Ras protein His116, which releases(More)
Choriocarcinoma is a highly aggressive tumor that develops from germ cells. Some choriocarcinomas originate in the testes or ovaries, while others may develop in the uterus after a normal pregnancy or after miscarriage. The tumor is characterized by early hematogenous spread to distal organs, such as the lung and brain. Transforming growth factor β1(More)
Guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activity of Ras is increased by interaction with Ras-GAP (GTPase-activating protein) or with the GAP-related domain of the type 1 neurofibromatosis protein (NF1-GRD), but Ras is not affected by interaction with cytoplasmic and membrane forms of Rap-GAP; Rap1A, whose effector function can suppress transformation by Ras, is(More)
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