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BACKGROUND Matrix degradation in emphysema has long been attributed to the action of neutrophil elastase (NE). More recently a role for other proteases, particularly the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), in the pathogenesis of this disease has been proposed. To date, however, the presence of MMPs in the lungs of patients with emphysema has not been(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP), a leading neural mechanism of memory, is profoundly affected by ethanol in vitro, but ethanol's effect on LTP in vivo has not been studied at doses known to impair memory. In this study, LTP was induced in the dentate hilus by theta-pattern stimulation of the perforant path. Dentate evoked responses were recorded during a 3 h(More)
The conceptual foundations of a research aimed at the determination of potential neuronal, neuropharmacological, and behavioral/cognitive mechanisms mediating drug-induced cognition enhancement are discussed. The available evidence justifies a focus on attentional processes as a target for drug-induced cognition enhancement. Neuropharmacological mechanisms(More)
Investigation into the neural basis for ethanol-induced cognitive dysfunction requires the use of valid animal models. An operant signal detection procedure was developed to assess simultaneously the processes of sustained attention and working memory in rats, and to determine the effects of ethanol on these cognitive functions. Ethanol, at 0.75 g/kg ip,(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of interstitial collagenases, members of the family of matrix metalloproteinases, in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. The activity, levels and molecular forms of collagenases (matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1, -8 and -13), gelatinase B (MM P-9) and its main endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of(More)
Genome-wide search was used to identify common genetic variants associated with caudate nucleus volume. Two large independent samples comprising young and elderly populations were used to replicate any associations. Here a detailed view of the most associated locus is shown. Markers are represented as circles (single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with no(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether increased collagenolysis precedes severe chronic lung disease (CLD). METHODS Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and MMP-8 (enzymes that degrade type I collagen, the main structural protein of lung extracellular matrix) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in 100 bronchoalveolar lavage samples taken during the(More)
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