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Transplacental infection with mouse hepatitis virus, JHM strain was studied by intravenous inoculation of pregnant dams. Inoculation on day 9 or 12 of gestation brought about the death of more than 50% of the fetuses at 4 days postinfection while inoculation on day 6 or 15 of gestation effected the death of 12% of fetuses or neonates. Inoculation of day 12(More)
Monoclonal antibody (MoAb) to rat liver plasma membranes was prepared by hybridization of mouse immune lymphocytes with mouse myeloma cells, and was identified by the immunodiffusion method in a fraction of IgM secreted from the hybridoma thus obtained. In indirect immunofluorescence tests, specific fluorescence was detected only on the surface of rat(More)
An experimental model of nonbacteremic pneumonia with a virulent strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was successfully established in guinea pigs immuno-suppressed with cortisone acetate although the organisms were eliminated rapidly from the lungs without cortisone treatment. Using a pocket nebulizer, almost all the animals which received 10(6)(More)
After intracerebral or intralumbar inoculation of mouse hepatitis virus, JHM strain, into weanling mice, viral growth and lesions in the central nervous system were comparatively studied for 5 days postinoculation. In the intralumbar group the virus titer of the spinal cord exceeded that of the brain until 24 hr postinoculation, and declined later. In the(More)
The effects of staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B, and C2 (SEA, SEB, and SEC2) on the resistance of mice to microbial infections were studied. SEA stimulated the resistance strongly, whereas SEB and SEC2 had no such effect. Treatment with SEA increased the number of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes significantly within 4 h, and these(More)
Leptospiral lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) extracted from Leptospira interrogans serovar copenhageni virulent strain Shibaura, serovar canicola virulent strain Moulton, and serovar hebdomadis strain Hebdomadis, were tested for their ability to induce platelet aggregation and/or lysis in rabbit platelet-rich plasma (PRP). All showed positive reactions with a(More)
Ofloxacin, a new pyridone-carboxylic acid derivative, was evaluated in descending nephritis and subcutaneous abscess models with Staphylococcus aureus in mice in comparison with norfloxacin. Descending nephritis was produced by intravenous injection of S. aureus 39 (MIC 0.78 microgram/ml for ofloxacin and 3.13 micrograms/ml for norfloxacin). Subcutaneous(More)
Ofloxacin, a new pyridone-carboxylic acid derivative, was evaluated in experimental syphilis in rabbits in comparison with penicillin G. Experimental syphilis was established by intradermal injection of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum Nichols. Ten days after infection, the dermal lesions were characterized by syphilitic papula accompanied with central(More)