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Motor activity and neuromotor function were examined in adult CD rats exposed to either carbaryl or propoxur, and behavioral effects were compared with the time course of cholinesterase inhibition. Rats received an IP injection of either 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8 mg/kg propoxur or 0, 4, 8, 16 or 28 mg/kg carbaryl in corn oil 20 min before testing. All doses of(More)
Cadmium (Cd), triethyltin (TET), and trimethyltin (TMT) are heavy metals which are neurotoxic to developing animals. In the present experiment, preweaning assessment of locomotor activity was used to detect and differentiate between the developmental toxicity of these metals. On postnatal day (PND) 5, rat pups received a single injection of either Cd, TET,(More)
Trimethyltin (TMT) is a neurotoxicant known to alter auditory function. The present study was designed to compare TMT-induced auditory dysfunction using behavioral, electrophysiological, and anatomical techniques. Adult male Long-Evans hooded rats (n = 9-12/group) were acutely exposed to saline, 3, 5, or 7 mg/kg TMT. Auditory thresholds were determined 11(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the ontogeny of the acoustic startle response (ASR) and response sensitization to background noise in preweanling rats. Animals were tested daily from 11 to 21 days of age using one of four sets of background white noise levels [45-80 dB(A)]. With constant low-level (45 dB, SPL) background noise, response(More)
Trimethyltin (TMT) is a limbic-system toxicant which also produces sensory dysfunction in adult animals. In the present experiment, we examined the effects of TMT on the acoustic startle response. Adult male, Long-Evans rats (N = 12/dose) received a single i.p. injection of either 0, 4.0, 5.0 or 6.0 mg/kg TMT hydroxide as the base. The number of responses,(More)
The results of a series of screening tests to determine the potential teratogenicity and neurotoxicity of developmental exposure to TBTO in rats are presented in this paper. For prenatal exposure, pregnant Long Evans rats were intubated with 0-16 mg/kg/day bis(tri-n-butyltin)oxide TBTO from Days 6 to 20 of gestation (GD 6-20). For postnatal exposure, rat(More)
In a series of four experiments, social and experiential factors that influence the development of motor activity in rat pups were examined. Motor activity was monitored from postnatal Days 13 to 21 as photocell interruptions in figure-eight mazes and comparisons were made between pups maintained in a nest box containing a dam and siblings and allowed(More)
Previous work in our laboratory suggested that toxicity resulting from acute postnatal administration of triethyltin (TET) was influenced by the treatment condition of littermates. To test this possibility, two dosing models were compared. For the split-litter model (N = 20 litters/dose), 1 male and 1 female pup per litter received a single dose of O(More)
The purpose of this study was to extend our investigations on the developmental neurotoxicity of trialkyltin compounds. On postnatal day 5 (PND 5), rat pups received a single intraperitoneal injection of either 0 (saline), 4, 5 or 6 mg/kg trimethyltin hydroxide (TMT) calculated as the base. The size of the milk bands was decreased in 6 mg/kg TMT pups 48-96(More)