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Fine structural changes in neurons of the dorsal hippocampus, caudate nucleus, supraoptic nucleus (SON), and ventral horn of the spinal cord of adult male or spayed female cats were studied after single and multiple doses (dose range 1.0-20.0 micrograms/kg sc) of the organophosphonate, pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (soman). Increases in amounts of(More)
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The ultrastructural alterations in CA3 pyramidal neurons induced by the irreversible organophosphorus anticholinesterase (OP anti-ChE) pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (soman) and by hypoxia were examined in rat hippocampal slices. During the first 60 min of incubation in control saline, up to 70% of the CA3 pyramidal neurons from slices superfused in(More)
Fine structural changes in cat neurohypophysis have been studied after single and multiple parenteral sub-LD50 doses of the organophosphates diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) and pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (soman). While a single sub-LD50 dose of DFP does not alter fine structure, multiple exposures result in degeneration of axons. Single as well as(More)
The fine structural changes in the ventral anterior horn of spinal segment L7, have been studied in adult cats after single and chronic sub LD50 (0.1 to 0.75 mg/kg SC with a cumulative range of 1.3 mg/kg to 10.5 mg/kg) low dose exposure to diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP). Only the motoneurons of the chronically treated animals show an increase in the(More)
A single low dose (3.5 micrograms or 7.0 micrograms) of colchicine injected intraventricularly into normally hydrated or dehydrated (7 or 4 days) and, subsequently, rehydrated (3 hours) rats caused a number of characteristic changes within the perikarya of the supraoptic nucleus. The temporary slow-down of axonal transport of neurosecretory granulated(More)
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