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Several soluble factors have recently been associated with the proliferation and differentiation of thymus-derived lymphocytes. One of these factors present in medium conditioned by T cell mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes has the ability to promote the long-term culture of normal and antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells. We report a method to test for this(More)
We have examined the mechanism of thalidomide inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production and found that the drug enhances the degradation of TNF-alpha mRNA. Thus, the half-life of the molecule was reduced from approximately 30 to approximately 17 min in the presence of 50 micrograms/ml of thalidomide.(More)
To examine directly the hypothesis that T cell growth factor (TCGF) interacts with target cells in a fashion similar to polypeptide hormones, the binding of radiolabeled TCGF to various cell populations was investigated. The results indicate that TCGF interacts with activated T cells via a receptor through which it initiates the T cell proliferative(More)
We have identified a novel growth factor, stem cell factor (SCF), for primitive hematopoietic progenitors based on its activity on bone marrow cells derived from mice treated with 5-fluorouracil. The protein was isolated from the medium conditioned by Buffalo rat liver cells. It is heavily glycosylated, with both N-linked and O-linked carbohydrate. Amino(More)
The maintenance and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells is influenced by cells making up the hematopoietic microenvironment (HM), including bone marrow-derived stromal cells. We and several other investigators have recently demonstrated the molecular basis of abnormal HM observed in the steel mutant mouse and cloned the normal cDNA products of this(More)
Murine spleen cells activated by concanavalin A (Con A) in culture produce a class of lymphokine molecules which possess biological activity in a number of lymphocyte response assays. Lymphokines with a mol wt of 30,000, as estimated from gel filtration studies, can be resolved into two components which differ by charge, with isoelectric point (pI) values(More)
In this study, we have used radiolabeled IL-2 binding assays, Northern blot analysis, immunofluorescent flow cytometry and cell sorting, as well as proliferation and cytotoxicity assays to perform an extensive phenotypic and functional characterization of the IL-2 receptor in normal resting human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Our results indicate that(More)