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Therapeutic Deep Brain Stimulation in Parkinsonian Rats Directly Influences Motor Cortex
Much recent discussion about the origin of Parkinsonian symptoms has centered around the idea that they arise with the increase of beta frequency waves in the EEG. This activity may be closelyExpand
Immunocytochemical localization of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia of the rat: Light and electron microscopy
The modulatory actions of dopamine on the flow of cortical information through the basal ganglia are mediated mainly through two subtypes of receptors, the D1 and D2 receptors. In order to examineExpand
Electron microscopic analysis of D1 and D2 dopamine receptor proteins in the dorsal striatum and their synaptic relationships with motor corticostriatal afferents
The precise localization of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors within striatal neurons and circuits is crucial information for further understanding dopamine pharmacology. We have used subtype specificExpand
Synaptic Connections Between Spiny Neurons of the Direct and Indirect Pathways in the Neostriatum of the Rat: Evidence from Dopamine Receptor and Neuropeptide Immunostaining
The flow of cortical information through the basal ganglia occurs through the so‐called ‘direct pathway’ and ‘indirect pathways’. The object of the present work was to attempt to determine whetherExpand
Neuroprotective effects of bilobalide on cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury are associated with inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediator production and down-regulation of JNK1/2 and p38 MAPK
BackgroundMitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways are implicated in inflammatory and apoptotic processes of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Hence, MAPK pathwaysExpand
Interactions Between Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and Plants in Phytoremediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils: A Review
Metal contamination in the environment is a global concern due to its high toxicity to living organisms and its worldwide distribution.The principal goal of this review is to examine the currentExpand
Localization of glutamate receptors in dorsal horn of rat spinal cord
  • K. Yung
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Neuroreport
  • 11 May 1998
IMMUNOCYTOCHEMICAL localization of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) and ionotropic glutamate receptors (NMDA-type: NMDAR1 and NMDAR2A-C; AMPA-type: GluR1-4) was performed on sections of ratExpand
The association between PM2.5 exposure and neurological disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Recent systematic review and meta-analyses have tried to identify an association between PM2.5 exposure and stroke, but few could find a conclusive and comprehensive evidence. Moreover,Expand
Neurokinin peptides and neurokinin receptors as potential therapeutic intervention targets of basal ganglia in the prevention and treatment of Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a serious motor disorder and it is the second most common brain degenerative disease in human. PD is known to be caused by degeneration of dopamine neurons in theExpand
Subpopulations of neurons in the rat neostriatum display GABABR1 receptor immunoreactivity
Immunoreactivity for gamma aminobutyric acid BR1 receptor (GABABR1) was detected in the neuropilar elements as well as in the perikarya of neurons in the neostriatum. Many of theExpand