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Inhalation toxicity of multiwall carbon nanotubes in rats exposed for 3 months.
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are of great commercial interest. Theoretically, during processing and handling of CNT and in abrasion processes on composites containing CNT, inhalable CNT particles might beExpand
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Acute and chronic effects of nano- and non-nano-scale TiO(2) and ZnO particles on mobility and reproduction of the freshwater invertebrate Daphnia magna.
Among the emerging literature addressing the biological effects of nanoparticles, very little information exists, particularly on aquatic organisms, that evaluates nanoparticles in comparison toExpand
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A decision-making framework for the grouping and testing of nanomaterials (DF4nanoGrouping).
The European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC) 'Nano Task Force' proposes a Decision-making framework for the grouping and testing of nanomaterials (DF4nanoGrouping) thatExpand
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On the lifecycle of nanocomposites: comparing released fragments and their in-vivo hazards from three release mechanisms and four nanocomposites.
Nanocomposites are the dominating class of nanomaterials to come into consumer contact, and were in general assumed to pose low risk. The first data is now emerging on the exposure fromExpand
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Application of short-term inhalation studies to assess the inhalation toxicity of nanomaterials
BackgroundA standard short-term inhalation study (STIS) was applied for hazard assessment of 13 metal oxide nanomaterials and micron-scale zinc oxide.MethodsRats were exposed to test materialExpand
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Comparative inhalation toxicity of multi-wall carbon nanotubes, graphene, graphite nanoplatelets and low surface carbon black
BackgroundCarbon nanotubes, graphene, graphite nanoplatelets and carbon black are seemingly chemically identical carbon-based nano-materials with broad technological applications. Carbon nanotubesExpand
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Time course of lung retention and toxicity of inhaled particles: short-term exposure to nano-Ceria
Abstract Two Ceria nanomaterials (NM-211 and NM-212) were tested for inhalation toxicity and organ burdens in order to design a chronic and carcinogenicity inhalation study (OECD TG No. 453). RatsExpand
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Development of a short-term inhalation test in the rat using nano-titanium dioxide as a model substance.
Evidence suggests that short-term inhalation studies may provide comparable prediction of respiratory tract toxicity to 90-day studies, presenting the opportunity to save time and resources inExpand
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Safety evaluation of sunscreen formulations containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in UVB sunburned skin: an in vitro and in vivo study.
Sunscreens containing titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NP) are effective barriers against ultraviolet B (UVB) damage to skin, although little is known about theirExpand
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Testing metal-oxide nanomaterials for human safety.
Nanomaterials can display distinct biological effects compared with bulk materials of the same chemical composition. The physico-chemical characterization of nanomaterials and their interaction withExpand
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