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Bad is Stronger than Good
The greater power of bad events over good ones is found in everyday events, major life events (e.g., trauma), close relationship outcomes, social network patterns, interpersonal interactions, and
Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?
Although the research has not clearly established causation, it is persuaded that high self-esteem does lead to greater Happiness and recommends using praise to boost self- esteem as a reward for socially desirable behavior and self-improvement.
The Strength Model of Self-Control
Self-control is a central function of the self and an important key to success in life. The exertion of self-control appears to depend on a limited resource. Just as a muscle gets tired from
The Meaning Maintenance Model: On the Coherence of Social Motivations
The meaning maintenance model (MMM) proposes that people have a needfor meaning; that is, a need to perceive events through a prism of mental representations of expected relations that organizes
How Emotion Shapes Behavior: Feedback, Anticipation, and Reflection, Rather Than Direct Causation
The authors develop a theory of emotion as a feedback system whose influence on behavior is typically indirect, and justify replacing the direct causation model with the feedback model to justify replacing a large body of empirical findings.
Self-Regulatory Failure: A Resource-Depletion Approach
Three studies were conducted to test the behavioral consequences of effortful self-regulation. Individuals with chronic inhibitions about eating were exposed to situations varying in level of
Self-Regulation, Ego Depletion, and Motivation
Motivation is underappr eciated in self-r egulation theories (as is tr ue in social personality psychology at large). This paper reviews the role of motivation in the context of the strength, or
The Psychological Consequences of Money
The results of nine experiments suggest that money brings about a self-sufficient orientation in which people prefer to be free of dependency and dependents.
Spent Resources: Self‐Regulatory Resource Availability Affects Impulse Buying
This research investigated impulse buying as resulting from the depletion of a common-but limited-resource that governs self-control. In three investigations, participants' self-regulatory resources
The Value of Believing in Free Will
The study of whether inducing participants to believe that human behavior is predetermined would encourage cheating suggests that the debate over free will has societal, as well as scientific and theoretical, implications.