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Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: a longitudinal study and an intervention.
The role of implicit theories of intelligence in adolescents' mathematics achievement was explored and an intervention teaching an incremental theory to 7th graders promoted positive change in classroom motivation, compared with a control group.
What Does the Narcissistic Personality Inventory Really Measure?
The results suggest that researchers interested in the psychological and behavioral outcomes associated with the NPI should examine correlates at the facet level and propose a hierarchical model for the structure of the N PI.
Measuring Global Self-Esteem: Construct Validation of a Single-Item Measure and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
Four studies examined the construct validity of two global self-esteem measures. In Studies 1 through 3, the Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale (SISE) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) showed
Low self-esteem during adolescence predicts poor health, criminal behavior, and limited economic prospects during adulthood.
It is found that adolescents with low self-esteem during adolescence had poorer mental and physical health, worse economic prospects, and higher levels of criminal behavior during adulthood, compared with adolescents with high self- esteem.
Low Self-Esteem Is Related to Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, and Delinquency
In three studies, a robust relation between low self-esteem and externalizing problems was found, and the effect ofSelf-esteem on aggression was independent of narcissism, an important finding given recent claims that individuals who are narcissistic, not low in self- esteem, are aggressive.
Global self-esteem across the life span.
Overall, these findings support previous research, help clarify inconsistencies in the literature, and document new trends that require further investigation.
A longitudinal study of personality change in young adulthood.
The present research examined personality continuity and change in a sample of young men and women assessed at the beginning and end of college, consistent with the perspective that personality traits exhibit considerable continuity over time, yet can change in systematic ways.
Two Replicable Suppressor Situations in Personality Research
This work shows how measures of guilt and shame act consistently as mutual suppressors: Adding shame into a regression equation increases the negative association between guilt and aggression, whereas adding guilt increases the positive association between shame and aggression.
Authentic and Hubristic Pride: The Affective Core of Self-esteem and Narcissism
Do individuals with high self-esteem enjoy positive interpersonal relationships, or are they aggressive and antisocial? Does narcissism reflect an abundance of self-worth, or inflated self-views
Self-Esteem Development Across the Lifespan
After decades of debate, a consensus is emerging about the way self-esteem develops across the lifespan. On average, self-esteem is relatively high in childhood, drops during adolescence