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Prolonged institutional rearing is associated with atypically large amygdala volume and difficulties in emotion regulation.
Early adversity, for example poor caregiving, can have profound effects on emotional development. Orphanage rearing, even in the best circumstances, lies outside of the bounds of a species-typicalExpand
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Structural and functional brain development and its relation to cognitive development
Despite significant gains in the fields of pediatric neuroimaging and developmental neurobiology, surprisingly little is known about the developing human brain or the neural bases of cognitiveExpand
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Differential patterns of striatal activation in young children with and without ADHD
BACKGROUND Cognitive control, defined as the ability to suppress inappropriate thoughts and actions, is compromised in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examines the neuralExpand
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Dissociation of response conflict, attentional selection, and expectancy with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Two different attentional networks have been associated with visuospatial attention and conflict resolution. In most situations either one of the two networks is active or both are increased inExpand
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A neural basis for the development of inhibitory control
The present study explores the neural basis of the development of inhibitory control by combining functional neuroimaging with a parametric manipulation of a go-nogo paradigm. We demonstrate how theExpand
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Evidence of Developmental Differences in Implicit Sequence Learning: An fMRI Study of Children and Adults
Prevailing theories of implicit or unaware learning propose a developmental invariance model, with implicit function maturing early in infancy or childhood despite prolonged improvements in explicitExpand
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Cognitive and Brain Consequences of Conflict
Tasks involving conflict between stimulus dimensions have been shown to activate dorsal anterior cingulate and prefrontal areas. Expand
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Amygdala response to fearful faces in anxious and depressed children.
BACKGROUND Alterations in amygdala function have been implicated in the pathophysiological characteristics of adult anxiety and depressive disorders. Studies with healthy adults and children, as wellExpand
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The Effect of Preceding Context on Inhibition: An Event-Related fMRI Study
In this study we combined event-related fMRI with a parametric manipulation of the go nogo paradigm to examine the effect of preceding context on inhibitory processes. Expand
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The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study: Imaging acquisition across 21 sites
The ABCD study is recruiting and following the brain development and health of over 10,000 9–10 year olds through adolescence. The imaging component of the study was developed by the ABCD DataExpand
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