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An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design
The fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) will produce a state-of-the- art multimodel dataset designed to advance our knowledge of climate variability and climate change.Expand
Summarizing multiple aspects of model performance in a single diagram
A diagram has been devised that can provide a concise statistical summary of how well patterns match each other in terms of their correlation, their root-mean-square difference, and the ratio ofExpand
THE WCRP CMIP3 Multimodel Dataset: A New Era in Climate Change Research
A coordinated set of global coupled climate model [atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM)] experiments for twentieth- and twenty-first-century climate, as well as several climate changeExpand
Overview of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) experimental design and organization
The background and rationale for the new structure of CMIP is presented, a detailed description of the DECK and CMIP6 historical simulations are provided, and a brief introduction to the 21 CMIP6-Endorsed MIPs are included. Expand
Forcing, feedbacks and climate sensitivity in CMIP5 coupled atmosphere‐ocean climate models
We quantify forcing and feedbacks across available CMIP5 coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs) by analysing simulations forced by an abrupt quadrupling of atmospheric carbonExpand
Performance metrics for climate models
An index that gauges the fidelity of model variability on interannual time-scales is found to be only weakly correlated with an index of the mean climate performance, illustrating the importance of evaluating a broad spectrum of climate processes and phenomena. Expand
A Summary of the CMIP5 Experiment Design
The purpose of these experiments is to address outstanding scientific questions that arose as part of the IPCC AR4 assessment process, improve understanding of climate, and to provide estimates of future climate change that will be useful to those considering its possible consequences. Expand
The Community Climate System Model
Abstract The Community Climate System Model (CCSM) has been created to represent the principal components of the climate system and their interactions. Development and applications of the model areExpand
An overview of results from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project
Abstract The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) collects output from global coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models (coupled GCMs). Among other uses, such models are employedExpand
The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)
To evaluate the effects of stratospheric geoengineering with sulphate aerosols, we propose standard forcing scenarios to be applied to multiple climate models to compare their results and determineExpand