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The von Economo neurons in frontoinsular and anterior cingulate cortex in great apes and humans
The von Economo neurons (VENs) are large bipolar neurons located in frontoinsular (FI) and anterior cingulate cortex in great apes and humans, but not other primates. We performed stereologicalExpand
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Prefrontal cortex in humans and apes: a comparative study of area 10.
Area 10 is one of the cortical areas of the frontal lobe involved in higher cognitive functions such as the undertaking of initiatives and the planning of future actions. It is known to form theExpand
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Humans and great apes share a large frontal cortex
Some of the outstanding cognitive capabilities of humans are commonly attributed to a disproportionate enlargement of the human frontal lobe during evolution. This claim is based primarily onExpand
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Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism.
CONTEXT Autism often involves early brain overgrowth, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Although prefrontal abnormality has been theorized to underlie some autistic symptoms, the cellularExpand
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Spatial organization of neurons in the frontal pole sets humans apart from great apes.
Few morphological differences have been identified so far that distinguish the human brain from the brains of our closest relatives, the apes. Comparative analyses of the spatial organization ofExpand
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The brain and its main anatomical subdivisions in living hominoids using magnetic resonance imaging.
Primary comparative data on the hominoid brain are scarce and major neuroanatomical differences between humans and apes have not yet been described satisfactorily, even at the gross level. BasicExpand
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The von Economo neurons in the frontoinsular and anterior cingulate cortex
The von Economo neurons (VENs) are large bipolar neurons located in the frontoinsular cortex (FI) and limbic anterior (LA) area in great apes and humans but not in other primates. Our stereologicalExpand
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Limbic frontal cortex in hominoids: a comparative study of area 13.
The limbic frontal cortex forms part of the neural substrate responsible for emotional reactions to social stimuli. Area 13 is one of the cortical areas long known to be part of the posteriorExpand
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Human prefrontal cortex: evolution, development, and pathology.
The prefrontal cortex is critical to many cognitive abilities that are considered particularly human, and forms a large part of a neural system crucial for normal socio-emotional and executiveExpand
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The evolution of the frontal lobes: a volumetric analysis based on three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance scans of human and ape brains.
Scenarios regarding the evolution of cognitive function in hominids depend largely on our understanding of the organization of the frontal lobes in extant humans and apes. The frontal lobe isExpand
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