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When rare species become endangered: cryptic speciation in myrmecophilous hoverflies
The myrmecophilous hoverfly, Microdon mutabilis, is listed as a ‘Rare’ or ‘Nationally Notable Species’ in UK Red Data Books. As an obligate social parasite, feeding only from ant colonies, itsExpand
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Changes in Chemical Signature and Host Specificity from Larval Retrieval to Full Social Integration in the Myrmecophilous Butterfly Maculinea rebeli
The ant social parasite, Maculinea rebeli shows high levels of host specificity at a regional scale. While 68–88% of caterpillars in the field are adopted by nonhost Myrmica ants, 95–100% of theExpand
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The protein content of tissues in cynipid galls (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae): Similarities between cynipid galls and seeds
Cynipid galls are examples of induced plant development, where the gall inducer is in control of cell differentiation and morphogenesis of a new plant organ. This study concentrates on the tissues ofExpand
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Phylogeny and DNA barcoding of inquiline oak gallwasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) of the Western Palaearctic.
We examine phylogenetic relationships within the Synergus complex of herbivorous inquiline gallwasps (Hymenoptera; Cynipidae; Synergini) associated with cynipid host galls on oak, a biologicallyExpand
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Cynipid galls: insect‐induced modifications of plant development create novel plant organs
Cynipid gall formation is achieved by an insect-plant interaction whereby cynipid gallwasps redirect host-plant development to form novel structures to protect and nourish the developing larvae. WorkExpand
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Host Niches and Defensive Extended Phenotypes Structure Parasitoid Wasp Communities
Oak galls are spectacular extended phenotypes of gallwasp genes in host oak tissues and have evolved complex morphologies that serve, in part, to exclude parasitoid natural enemies. Parasitoids andExpand
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Quantitative webs as a means of assessing the impact of alien insects.
1. We use quantitative linkage webs to investigate the impact of alien gall wasps on community structure. Britain has been invaded by four alien species of cynipid gallwasp, Andricus corruptrix, A.Expand
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Torymus sinensis: Biology, Host Range and Hybridization
Torymus sinensis is a solitary ectophagous parasitoid of the chestnut gallwasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus. It originates, like its host, from China. Following the accidental introduction and rapid rangeExpand
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Ant benefits in a seed dispersal mutualism
Myrmecochorous plant seeds have nutrient rich appendages, elaiosomes, which induce some ant species to carry the seeds back to their nest where the elaiosome is consumed and the seed is discardedExpand
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