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Behavioral Confirmation in the Interrogation Room: On the Dangers of Presuming Guilt
A two-phased experiment tested the hypothesis that the presumption of guilt that underlies police interrogations activates a process of behavioral confirmation. In Phase I, 52 suspects guilty orExpand
The spotlight effect in social judgment: an egocentric bias in estimates of the salience of one's own actions and appearance.
This research provides evidence that people overestimate the extent to which their actions and appearance are noted by others, a phenomenon dubbed the spotlight effect. In Studies 1 and 2,Expand
The illusion of transparency: biased assessments of others' ability to read one's emotional states.
Three sets of studies provide evidence for an illusion of transparency, or a tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which others can discern their internal states. People often mistakenlyExpand
When doing better means feeling worse: The effects of categorical cutoff points on counterfactual thinking and satisfaction.
Counterfactual thoughts of what might have been have been shown to influence emotional responses to outcomes. The present investigation extends this research by proposing a model of how categoricalExpand
Do others judge us as harshly as we think? Overestimating the impact of our failures, shortcomings, and mishaps.
When people suffer an embarrassing blunder, social mishap, or public failure, they often feel that their image has been severely tarnished in the eyes of others. Four studies demonstrate that theseExpand
The illusion of transparency and the alleviation of speech anxiety
Abstract Individuals often believe their internal states are more apparent to others than is actually the case, a phenomenon known as the illusion of transparency. In the domain of public speaking,Expand
Empathy neglect: reconciling the spotlight effect and the correspondence bias.
When people commit an embarrassing blunder, they typically overestimate how harshly they will be judged by others. This tendency can seem to fly in the face of research on the correspondence bias,Expand
You don't know me, but I know you: the illusion of asymmetric insight.
People, it is hypothesized, show an asymmetry in assessing their own interpersonal and intrapersonal knowledge relative to that of their peers. Six studies suggested that people perceive theirExpand
"What, Me Worry?": Arousal, Misattribution, and the Effect of Temporal Distance on Confidence
Confidence has been found to vary with temporal proximity to an upcoming task: People's confidence that they will do well tends to diminish as the "moment of truth" draws near. We propose that thisExpand
Like goes with like: The role of representativeness in erroneous and pseudo-scientific beliefs.
As its name implies, the heuristics and biases approach to human judgment has both positive and negative agendas (Griffin, Gonzalez, & Varey, 2001). The positive agenda is to identify the mentalExpand