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Detection of DNA from Leishmania (Viannia): Accuracy of Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Diagnosis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
TLDR
This study estimated the accuracy and compared PCRs of samples from lesion scarification (PCR-L) and blood sample-enriched leukocytes ( PCR-B) with three conventional diagnostic techniques: parasite direct search (DS), Montenegro skin test (MST), and indirect immunofluorescence reaction (IIF).
DETECTION OF Leishmania (Viannia) IN Nyssomyia neivai AND Nyssomyia whitmani BY MULTIPLEX POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL
Sandflies transmit pathogens of leishmaniasis. The natural infection of sandflies by Leishmania (Viannia) was assessed in municipalities, in the state of Paraná, in Southern Brazil. Sandflies were
Larval Habitats of Sand Flies in Rural Areas of Southern Brazil
TLDR
The laval habitats of sand flies were located in the Recanto Marista, especially between tree roots, but the number of adults that emerged in the traps and soil samples was small despite the high density ofSand flies that has been recorded in theRecanto Maristas.
Natural infection of Nyssomyia neivai by Leishmania (Viannia) spp. in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil, detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction.
TLDR
For the first time, the presence of DNA of Leishmania (Viannia) spp.
Avaliação de medidas de controle de flebotomíneos
Realizou-se coletas de flebotomineos de maio de 2005 a abril de 2006. Os resultados foram comparados com os das coletas realizadas entre abril de 2001 e setembro de 2002, para avaliar as medidas
[Evaluation of sandfly control measures].
TLDR
It was observed that the sandfly density had decreased between the 2001-2002 and 2005-2006 collections, especially in homes.
[Spatial and/or olfactory memory in sandflies in an endemic area for American cutaneous leishmaniasis, southern Brazil].
TLDR
The results show that it is possible that spatial or olfactory memory and/or host loyalty exists, and that this will guide the sandflies in recognizing the places where sources of blood are available.
Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis in Southern Brazil
TLDR
A case of disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, in a 55 years old patient with 1,119 lesions distributed throughout the body is reported.
Alteration in Frequency of Sand Flies in Domiciles After Changes in the Peridomicile Area, State of Paraná, Brazil
TLDR
The presence of sand flies and wild mammals (reservoirs of) and their ability to transmit pathogens that cause leishmaniasis, bartonellosis, and arboviruses in the New World are studied.
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