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Do all trauma patients benefit from tranexamic acid?
- E. Valle, C. Allen, +6 authors K. Proctor
- The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
- 1 June 2014
BACKGROUND This study tested the hypothesis that early routine use of tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces mortality in a subset of the most critically injured trauma intensive care unit patients. METHODS… Expand
Can near-infrared spectroscopy identify the severity of shock in trauma patients?
BACKGROUND Our recent experimental study showed that peripheral muscle tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), determined noninvasively by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), was more reliable than systemic… Expand
Heart rate variability as a triage tool in patients with trauma during prehospital helicopter transport.
BACKGROUND Prehospital triage of patients with trauma is routinely challenging, but more so in mass casualty situations and military operations. The purpose of this study was to prospectively test… Expand
Prognostic value of blood lactate, base deficit, and oxygen-derived variables in an LD50 model of penetrating trauma.
OBJECTIVE To determine whether blood lactate, base deficit, or oxygen-derived hemodynamic variables correlate with morbidity and mortality rates in a clinically-relevant LD50 model of penetrating… Expand
Microcirculatory flow changes after initial resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock with 7.5% hypertonic saline/6% dextran 70.
In rabbits, laser Doppler flow probes were placed in the jejunum and on the renal cortex. Pulsed Doppler probes were implanted on the abdominal aorta and superior mesenteric and femoral arteries for… Expand
Extracellular ubiquitin increases in packed red blood cell units during storage.
BACKGROUND Ubiquitin (Ub) is involved in intracellular protein metabolism, but may also have extracellular roles in host defense and immunomodulation. Erythrocytes contain high amounts of Ub and… Expand
Heart rate variability is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in hemodynamically stable trauma patients.
BACKGROUND Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) reflects autonomic dysfunction and can triage patients better than routine trauma criteria or vital signs. However, there is questionable specificity… Expand
Heart rate variability index in trauma patients.
BACKGROUND Heart rate variability (HRV) changes often reflect autonomic dysfunction with high sensitivity, but the specificity is also low. There are several different methods for measuring HRV, but… Expand
Changes in intracranial pressure, coagulation, and neurologic outcome after resuscitation from experimental traumatic brain injury with hetastarch.
BACKGROUND In a model of traumatic brain injury (TBI), 2 protocols compared changes in intracranial pressure (ICP), coagulation, and neurologic outcome after intravenous fluid (IVF) resuscitation… Expand
Prostanoids: early mediators in the secondary injury that develops after unilateral pulmonary contusion.
BACKGROUND We have previously shown a sequence of events after unilateral pulmonary contusion that suggests the release of blood-borne prostanoid mediators and that culminates in refractory bilateral… Expand