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Global diversity and geography of soil fungi
TLDR
Diversity of most fungal groups peaked in tropical ecosystems, but ectomycorrhizal fungi and several fungal classes were most diverse in temperate or boreal ecosystems, and manyfungal groups exhibited distinct preferences for specific edaphic conditions (such as pH, calcium, or phosphorus). Expand
Activity profiling of ectomycorrhiza communities in two forest soils using multiple enzymatic tests.
TLDR
A microplate multiple enzymatic test was developed which makes it possible to measure eight enzyme activities on 14 individual, excised ECM root tips, and proved to be accurate and sensitive enough to reveal a high diversity of activity profiles, depending on the fungal symbiont and the soil horizon. Expand
Climate extremes initiate ecosystem-regulating functions while maintaining productivity
Summary 1. Studying the effects of climate or weather extremes such as drought and heat waves on biodiversity and ecosystem functions is one of the most important facets of climate change research.Expand
Morphological and anatomical characterisation of black alder Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. ectomycorrhizas
TLDR
All 16 mycorrhizal types collected over a 3-year period within an alder forest were characterised by morphological and anatomical features and appeared to be specific or at least typical for alders, since they have not yet been reported from other tree species. Expand
Enzymatic activities and stable isotope patterns of ectomycorrhizal fungi in relation to phylogeny and exploration types in an afrotropical rain forest.
TLDR
It is hypothesized that phylogenetic affinities of ECM fungi are more important than ECM exploration type, soil horizon and host plant in explaining the differences in mineral nutrition of trees in an African lowland rainforest. Expand
Characterization and identification of black alder ectomycorrhizas by PCR/RFLP analyses of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS).
The identity of black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) ectomycorrhizas was investigated using PCR/RFLP analysis of the ITS region from 16 morphotypes sampled at a 60-yr-old black alder stand. AExpand
Tree diversity and species identity effects on soil fungi, protists and animals are context dependent
TLDR
This work developed a DNA metabarcoding approach to identify the major eukaryote groups directly from soil with roughly species-level resolution and revealed that on a local scale, soil resources and tree species have stronger effect on diversity of soil biota than tree species richness per se. Expand
Organic carbon sequestration in earthworm burrows
Abstract Earthworms strongly affect soil organic carbon cycling. The aim of this study was to determine whether deep burrowing anecic earthworms enhance carbon storage in soils and decrease CExpand
Decolorization of synthetic dyes and production of manganese-dependent peroxidase by new fungal isolates
TLDR
MnP activities between 60 and 424 U l−1 were detected in culture supernatants of three of these organisms indicating the color removal by enzymatic biodegradation but with P. geastrivorus there was no ligninolytic enzyme activity in its culture and the decolorization was mainly due to biosorption to mycelium. Expand
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