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Interlaboratory testing of methods for assay of xylanase activity
Abstract Twenty laboratories participated in a collaborative investigation of assays for endo-1,4-β-xylanase activity based on production of reducing sugars from polymeric 4- O -methylExpand
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Impact of Dietary Polyphenols on Carbohydrate Metabolism
Polyphenols, including flavonoids, phenolic acids, proanthocyanidins and resveratrol, are a large and heterogeneous group of phytochemicals in plant-based foods, such as tea, coffee, wine, cocoa,Expand
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Postprandial glucose, insulin, and incretin responses to grain products in healthy subjects.
BACKGROUND Various botanical and structural characteristics of starchy food modify the postprandial glucose and insulin responses in humans. OBJECTIVE We investigated what factors in grain productsExpand
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In vitro metabolism of plant lignans: new precursors of mammalian lignans enterolactone and enterodiol.
The metabolism of the plant lignans matairesinol, secoisolariciresinol, pinoresinol, syringaresinol, arctigenin, 7-hydroxymatairesinol, isolariciresinol, and lariciresinol by human fecal microfloraExpand
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Sourdough and cereal fermentation in a nutritional perspective.
Use of sourdough is of expanding interest for improvement of flavour, structure and stability of baked goods. Cereal fermentations also show significant potential in improvement and design of theExpand
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Two major xylanases of Trichoderma reesei
Abstract The two main xylanases produced by Trichoderma reesei were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by ion-exchange and gel chromatography. The enzymes had isoelectric points of 9.0 and 5.5Expand
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Viscosity of oat bran-enriched beverages influences gastrointestinal hormonal responses in healthy humans.
Viscous fibers, including beta-glucan in oat bran, favorably affect satiety as well as postprandial carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. However, effects of fiber viscosity on modulation ofExpand
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Structural differences between rye and wheat breads but not total fiber content may explain the lower postprandial insulin response to rye bread.
BACKGROUND Rye bread has a beneficial effect on the postprandial insulin response in healthy subjects. The role of rye fiber in insulin and glucose metabolism is not known. OBJECTIVE The aim of theExpand
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In vitro fermentation of cereal dietary fibre carbohydrates by probiotic and intestinal bacteria
A range of probiotic and other intestinal bacteria were examined for their ability to ferment the dietary fibre carbohydrates β-glucan, xylan, xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) and arabinoxylan. β-GlucanExpand
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Dietary fiber type reflects physiological functionality: comparison of grain fiber, inulin, and polydextrose.
Dietary fiber is a nutritional concept based not on physiological functions but on defined chemical and physical properties. Recent definitions of dietary fiber differentiate inherent plant cellExpand
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