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Impact of Dietary Polyphenols on Carbohydrate Metabolism
TLDR
To confirm the implications of polyphenol consumption for prevention of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and eventually type 2 diabetes, human trials with well-defined diets, controlled study designs and clinically relevant end-points together with holistic approaches e.g., systems biology profiling technologies are needed.
In vitro metabolism of plant lignans: new precursors of mammalian lignans enterolactone and enterodiol.
TLDR
A metabolic scheme describing the conversion of the most abundant new mammalian lignan precursors, pinoresinol and lariciresinol, is presented.
Postprandial glucose, insulin, and incretin responses to grain products in healthy subjects.
TLDR
Postprandial insulin responses to grain products are determined by the form of food and botanical structure rather than by the amount of fiber or the type of cereal in the food.
Viscosity of oat bran-enriched beverages influences gastrointestinal hormonal responses in healthy humans.
Viscous fibers, including beta-glucan in oat bran, favorably affect satiety as well as postprandial carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. However, effects of fiber viscosity on modulation of
In vitro fermentation of cereal dietary fibre carbohydrates by probiotic and intestinal bacteria
TLDR
Arabinoxylan was not fermented by lactobacilli, enterococci, E coli, C perfringens or C difficile and has potential to be an applicable carbohydrate to complement probiotic Bif longum strains in synbiotic combinations.
Dietary fiber type reflects physiological functionality: comparison of grain fiber, inulin, and polydextrose.
TLDR
The reported effects on postprandial blood glucose and fasting cholesterol levels have been modest, but grain fibers also show variable effects, and new biomarkers are needed to link the physiological functions of specific fibers with long-term health benefits.
The HEALTHGRAIN Cereal Diversity Screen: concept, results, and prospects.
TLDR
Comparisons of the bread wheat lines show that it is possible to identify lines in which high levels of phytochemicals and dietary fiber components are combined with good yield and processing quality, and means that commercially competitive lines with high level of bioactive components are a realistic goal for plant breeders.
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