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Neurobiological effects of intraventricular propionic acid in rats: Possible role of short chain fatty acids on the pathogenesis and characteristics of autism spectrum disorders
Sexually dimorphic spatial learning in meadow voles Microtus pennsylvanicus and deer mice Peromyscus maniculatus.
The results of these studies indicate that sexually dimorphic spatial ability is dependent on the organization (in utero) and activational effects of gonadal hormones in meadow voles and deer mice, and that group differences in the laboratory are associated with group Differences in space utilization in the wild.
Effects of the enteric bacterial metabolic product propionic acid on object-directed behavior, social behavior, cognition, and neuroinflammation in adolescent rats: Relevance to autism spectrum…
Intracerebroventricular injection of propionic acid, an enteric bacterial metabolic end-product, impairs social behavior in the rat: Implications for an animal model of autism
Sex differences in performance in the Morris water maze and the effects of initial nonstationary hidden platform training.
- T. Perrot-Sinal, M. A. Kostenuik, K. Ossenkopp, M. Kavaliers
- Psychology, BiologyBehavioral neuroscience
- 1 December 1996
It is suggested that performance on the water-maze task, including the expression of sex differences, can be altered by previous familiarization with nonspatial aspects of the task.
Sexually dimorphic spatial learning varies seasonally in two populations of deer mice
Pain perception and electromagnetic fields
Exposure to a context previously associated with nausea elicits conditioned gaping in rats: A model of anticipatory nausea
Gonadal Hormone Levels and Spatial Learning Performance in the Morris Water Maze in Male and Female Meadow Voles, Microtus pennsylvanicus
- L. Galea, M. Kavaliers, K. Ossenkopp, E. Hampson
- Biology, PsychologyHormones and Behavior
- 1 March 1995
Estradiol may have activational effects on spatial learning in the adult meadow vole and that sex differences in spatial learning are evident only when High Estradiol females are compared to adult males.
Intracerebroventricular injections of the enteric bacterial metabolic product propionic acid impair cognition and sensorimotor ability in the Long–Evans rat: Further development of a rodent model of…