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Cervical injury mechanism based on the analysis of human cervical vertebral motion and head-neck-torso kinematics during low speed rear impacts
It is pointed out that the neck injury incidence tends to become higher for women than for men, and the differences in the alignment of the cervical spine between male and female occupants should be attributed to the facet joint injury mechanism.
Human Head Tolerance to Sagittal Impact Reliable Estimation Deduced from Experimental Head Injury Using Subhuman Primates and Human Cadaver Skulls
The results indicate that the occurrence and severity of concussion, cerebral contusion, and skull fracture in the monkeys depended on translational vs. rotational impact, contact area size, amplitude and direction of the resultant head acceleration, and frontal vs. occipital impact direction.
Motion analysis of cervical vertebrae during whiplash loading.
The cervical spine is forced to move from the lower vertebrae during rear-end collisions and is probably related to the injury mechanism.
Prediction of Neck Injury Risk Based on the Analysis of Localized Cervical Vertebral Motion of Human Volunteers during Low-speed Rear Impacts
To clarify the mechanism that causes injury to the neck during rear-end collisions, the neck behavior of volunteer test subjects was carefully analyzed. As a result, stretch propagation was found to…
A COMPARISON BETWEEN VOLUNTEER, BIORID P3 AND HYBRID III PERFORMANCE IN REAR IMPACTS
The most important tool to date for testing seat systems in rear impacts is a crash test dummy. However, investigators have noted limitations of the most commonly used dummy, the Hybrid III. Although…
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOCALIZED SPINE DEFORMATION AND CERVICAL VERTEBRAL MOTIONS FOR LOW SPEED REAR IMPACTS USING HUMAN VOLUNTEERS
The aim of this study is to verify the influence of the change of the spine configuration on human cervical vertebral motion and on head/neck/torso kinematics under low speed rear-end impacts. Seven…
A study on occupant kinematics behaviour and muscle activities during pre-impact braking based on volunteer tests
The objective of the current study is to analyze the influence of changes of physical motion on human body under low-level impact accelerations. Five human volunteers in good health participated in…
Influences of the physical parameters on the risk to neck injuries in low impact speed rear-end collisions.
Influence of seat characteristics on occupant motion in low-speed rear impacts.
Prediction of Pre-Impact Occupant Kinematic Behavior Based on the Muscle Activity During Frontal Collision
The objective of this study is to predict the behaviors of the human body in pre-crash conditions based on the experiment with active human models. In order to simulate the actual pre-crash condition…