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Biogeography, biodiversity and fluid dependence of deep-sea cold-seep communities at active and passive margins
Abstract To date, several cold-seep areas which fuel chemosynthesis-based benthic communities have been explored, mainly by deployment of manned submersibles. They are located in the Atlantic and inExpand
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Variations in deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the Azores plateau
Near the Azores Triple Junction as the Azores Plateau is approached, the ridge axis becomes shallower; its depth decreases from ca. 2400 m in the Rainbow vent field (36°13′N) to ca. 850 m in theExpand
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Deep-Sea Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea: The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable
Deep-sea ecosystems represent the largest biome of the global biosphere, but knowledge of their biodiversity is still scant. The Mediterranean basin has been proposed as a hot spot of terrestrial andExpand
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Cold seep communities as indicators of fluid expulsion patterns through mud volcanoes seaward of the Barbados accretionary prism
Cold seep communities are sustained by massive methane-rich fluid expulsion through mud volcanoes located at about 5000 m in the Barbados Trench. These communities, dependent on chemosyntheticExpand
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ROV study of a giant pockmark on the Gabon continental margin
A giant, 800-m wide pockmark, called Regab, was discovered along the Equatorial African margin at 3160-m water depth and was explored by remote operated vehicle (ROV) as part of the ZaiangoExpand
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Metazoan meiofaunal communities at cold seeps along the Norwegian margin: Influence of habitat heterogeneity and evidence for connection with shallow-water habitats
Cold-seep environments and their associated symbiont-bearing megafaunal communities create islands of primary production for macro- and meiofauna in the otherwise monotonous and nutrientpoor deep-seaExpand
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Structure and distribution of cold seep communities along the Peruvian active margin: relationship to geological and fluid patterns
Exploration of the northern Peruvian subduction zone with the French submersible 'Nautile' has revealed benthic communities dominated by new species of vesicomyid bivalves (Calyptogena spp. andExpand
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Trophic relationships in a deep Mediterranean cold-water coral bank (Santa Maria di Leuca, Ionian Sea)
Cold-water corals (CWC) are frequently reported from deep sites with locally accelerated currents that enhance seabed food particle supply. Moreover, zooplankton likely account for ecologicallyExpand
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Spatial distribution of diverse cold seep communities living on various diapiric structures of the southern Barbados prism
Three sectors of the south Barbados prism between 1000 and 2000 m depth were explored by the French submersible Nautile. Chemosynthesis-based benthic communities were discovered on several structuresExpand
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Occurrence Of Anomuran Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) In Hydrothermal Vent And Cold-Seep Communities: A Review
—Crabs of the family Lithodidae are frequently encountered in the vicinity of deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold-seeps. Together with crabs of the families Galatheidae and Chirostylidae, they areExpand
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