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Development of the Melbourne FFQ: a food frequency questionnaire for use in an Australian prospective study involving an ethnically diverse cohort.
The Melbourne FFQ provides a convenient method of measuring habitual dietary intake in a large population setting and appears to overestimate the consumption of fruit and vegetables.
Glycemic index and dietary fiber and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Reducing dietary GI while maintaining a high carbohydrate intake may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, and one way to achieve this would be to substitute white bread with low-GI breads.
Plasma phospholipid and dietary fatty acids as predictors of type 2 diabetes: interpreting the role of linoleic acid.
Dietary saturated fat intake is inversely associated with diabetes risk and more research is required to determine whether linoleic acid is an appropriate dietary substitute.
Effectiveness of a community‐directed ‘healthy lifestyle’ program in a remote Australian Aboriginal community
Objective : To assess the sustainability and effectiveness of a community‐directed program for primary and secondary prevention of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in an Aboriginal
Effect of resistant starch on fecal bulk and fermentation-dependent events in humans.
It is demonstrated that RS has a significant impact on putative markers of colonic health in humans and the presence of starch in the colon may affect the fermentation of NSP.
The Mediterranean diet improves hepatic steatosis and insulin sensitivity in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Even without weight loss, the Mediterranean diet reduces liver steatosis and improves insulin sensitivity in an insulin-resistant population with NAFLD, compared to current dietary advice.
Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in ponies and Standardbred horses.
Ponies that were fat or had previously suffered laminitis were found to be far more intolerant to oral glucose loading than normal ponies or Standardbreds and exhibited a far greater response in plasma insulin levels after glucose loading.
Arabinoxylan fiber, a byproduct of wheat flour processing, reduces the postprandial glucose response in normoglycemic subjects.
Postprandial glucose and insulin responses were improved by ingestion of AX-rich fiber, and further research is required to determine whether AX- rich fiber is of benefit to people with type 2 diabetes.
The influence of the type of dietary fat on postprandial fat oxidation rates: monounsaturated (olive oil) vs saturated fat (cream)
If postprandial fat oxidation rates are higher after high MUFA, rather than SFA meals, then a simple change to the type of dietary fat consumed might have beneficial effects in curbing weight gain in men consuming a relatively high-fat diet.
Marked Improvement in Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic Australian Aborigines After Temporary Reversion to Traditional Lifestyle
The major metabolic abnormalities of type II diabetes were either greatly improved or completely normalized in this group of Aborigines by relatively short reversal of the urbanization process.