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What determines species richness of parasitic organisms? A meta‐analysis across animal, plant and fungal hosts
TLDR
Three universal predictors of parasite richness across host species are uncovered, namely host body size, geographical range size and population density, applicable regardless of the taxa considered and independently of most aspects of study design.
A quantitative review of MHC‐based mating preference: the role of diversity and dissimilarity
TLDR
Using formal phylogenetic meta‐analysis and meta‐regression techniques, this work quantitatively review the existing literature on MHC‐dependent mating preferences in nonhuman vertebrates with a focus on the role of MHC diversity and dissimilarity and found small, statistically nonsignificant, average effect sizes.
Host diversity drives parasite diversity: meta‐analytical insights into patterns and causal mechanisms
TLDR
The present meta-analysis examined 38 case studies on the relationship between species richness of hosts and parasites, and is the first attempt to provide insights into the patterns and causal mechanisms of parasite biodiversity at the community level using meta-regression models.
Heterogeneity in ecological and evolutionary meta-analyses: its magnitude and implications.
TLDR
This analysis revealed that the median and mean heterogeneity, expressed as I2, are well above "high" heterogeneity, based on widely adopted benchmarks, and encourages reporting heterogeneity in the forms of I2 and the estimated variance components (e.g., τ2) as standard practice.
Four marine digenean parasites of Austrolittorina spp. (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in New Zealand: morphological and molecular data
TLDR
This study is the first attempt at cataloguing the digenean parasites infecting littorinids in New Zealand and provides detailed morphological descriptions of the cercariae and intramolluscan stages of these parasites.
An integrative taxonomic investigation of the diversity of digenean parasites infecting the intertidal snail Austrolittorina unifasciata Gray, 1826 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in Australia
TLDR
This study is the first to provide data on the life cycle of a species of the family Gorgocephalidae, a parasite of kyphosid fish for which only adult stages had, thus far, been described.
Parasites and stable isotopes: a comparative analysis of isotopic discrimination in parasitic trophic interactions
TLDR
A literature‐based comparative analysis using phylogenetically‐controlled mixed effects models, accounting for both parasite and host phylogenies, to investigate patterns and potential drivers in Δ13C and Δ15N discrimination factors in metazoan parasitic trophic interactions suggests the need for a scaled rather than a fixed Trophic discrimination factor framework along gradients of host δ15N.
Parasite infection leads to widespread glucocorticoid hormone increases in vertebrate hosts: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Overall, infection increased GCs relative to preliminary or control levels when the single largest effect sizes from repeated measures studies were examined, suggesting that parasites of vertebrate hosts can be thought of generally as physiological stressors by elevating GCs.
Altered microhabitat use and movement of littorinid gastropods: the effects of parasites
TLDR
A trend towards increased use of rock surface habitats and a reduction in the distance moved by infected snails was observed and the importance of including parasitism as a biotic factor in studies of gastropod movement and spatial distribution is highlighted.
Biology of the invasive ascidian Ascidiella aspersa in its native habitat: Reproductive patterns and parasite load
TLDR
This study demonstrates the high biotic potential of this ascidian bioinvader to have a negative impact on native fauna in an introduced ecosystem, due to its highly efficient reproductive and resource allocation strategies.
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