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Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial
TLDR
It is concluded that improved STD treatment reduced HIV incidence by about 40% in this rural population of Tanzania, the first randomised trial to demonstrate an impact of a preventive intervention on HIV incidence in a general population.
Adverse birth outcomes in United Republic of Tanzania--impact and prevention of maternal risk factors.
TLDR
Maternal malaria and anaemia continue to be significant causes of adverse pregnancy outcome in sub-Saharan Africa and providing reproductive health services that include treatment of RTIs and prevention of malaria and maternal anaemia to reduce adverse birth outcomes remains a priority.
Bacterial vaginosis in female facility workers in north-western Tanzania: prevalence and risk factors
TLDR
BV was extremely prevalent among the study population of HSV-2 positive female facility workers in North-western Tanzania, and although recent sex was associated with increased BV prevalence, vaginal drying wasassociated with lower BVPrevalence.
Syphilis in pregnancy in Tanzania. II. The effectiveness of antenatal syphilis screening and single-dose benzathine penicillin treatment for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
TLDR
Single-dose treatment is effective in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes attributable to maternal syphilis with single-dose benzathine penicillin in Tanzania, and there was no increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcome for women treated for high-titer active syphilis.
Is antenatal syphilis screening still cost effective in sub-Saharan Africa
TLDR
Syphilis screening is shown to be at least as cost effective as PMTCT and more cost effective than many widely implemented interventions and urgent need for scaling up syphilis screening and treatment in high prevalence areas.
How many patients with a sexually transmitted infection are cured by health services? A study from Mwanza region, Tanzania
OBJECTIVES To estimate the proportion of symptomatic patients with a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) cured by primary health care services in Mwanza Region, Tanzania, and to compare
High prevalence of trichomoniasis in rural men in Mwanza, Tanzania: results from a population based study
TLDR
A high prevalence of urethritis was found in men in this community based study and the performance of the LED test as a screening test for trichomoniasis was unsatisfactory in both symptomatic and asymptomatic men.
HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour changes measured in an antenatal clinic setting in northern Tanzania
TLDR
Sexual behaviour data obtained were internally consistent and tallied reasonably well with sexual behaviour data collected in the community overlapping the clinic catchment, which provided independent estimates of HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour.
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