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DSM-IV field trials for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.
TLDR
The results support the decision to subdivide the heterogeneous category of DSM-III-R attention deficit hyperactivity disorder into three subtypes and the resulting DSM-IV definition appears to be somewhat less biased toward the symptom pattern typical of elementary school boys.
Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes.
TLDR
The DSM-IV ADHD subtypes provide a convenient clinical shorthand to describe the functional and behavioral correlates of current levels of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms, but do not identify discrete subgroups with sufficient long-term stability to justify the classification of distinct forms of the disorder.
Psychopathy and conduct problems in children.
TLDR
Factor analysis of a measure of psychopathy was conducted in a sample of 95 clinic-referred children, suggesting that psychopathic personality features and conduct problems are independent, yet interacting, constructs in children, analogous to findings in the adult literature.
Symptom Properties as a Function of ADHD Type: An Argument for Continued Study of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo
TLDR
It is suggested that (a) Sluggish Tempo items are adequate symptoms for Inattentive Type, or (b) Sl sluggish Tempo may distinguish two subtypes of Inattency Type, which is incompatible with ADHD nosology in DSM-IV.
A sensation seeking scale for children: Further refinement and psychometric development
A revision of the Sensation Seeking Scale for Children (SSSC) was standardized and validated on a community sample of 660 elementary- and middle-school children and 168 clinic-referred male children.
Low salivary cortisol and persistent aggression in boys referred for disruptive behavior.
TLDR
A restricted (low) range of cortisol variability may be more indicative of persistent aggression than a low concentration of cortisol at any single point in time.
Validity of the age-of-onset criterion for ADHD: a report from the DSM-IV field trials.
TLDR
Marked differences in the ages of onset of both symptoms and impairment for the three subtypes of ADHD support the validity of distinguishing among these subtypes in DSM-IV.
A randomized, controlled trial of integrated home-school behavioral treatment for ADHD, predominantly inattentive type.
TLDR
Children randomized to the Child Life and Attention Skills Program were reported to have significantly fewer inattention and sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms, and significantly improved social and organizational skills, relative to the control group.
Validity of the Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Symptom Dimension in Children: Sluggish Cognitive Tempo and ADHD-Inattention as Distinct Symptom Dimensions
TLDR
A new measure of the sluggish cognitive tempo dimension was meaningfully independent from the ADHD-IN and anxiety/depression dimensions and suggests that such an SCT dimension may signify a distinct presentation of ADHD or a different (if highly comorbid) disorder altogether.
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