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The Neural Bases of Emotion Regulation: Reappraisal and Suppression of Negative Emotion
BACKGROUND Emotion regulation strategies are thought to differ in when and how they influence the emotion-generative process. However, no study to date has directly probed the neural bases of twoExpand
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The Neural Bases of Distraction and Reappraisal
A fMRI study compared distraction and reappraisal and found both similarities and differences between the two forms of emotion regulation. Expand
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The development of emotion regulation: an fMRI study of cognitive reappraisal in children, adolescents and young adults.
The ability to use cognitive reappraisal to regulate emotions is an adaptive skill in adulthood, but little is known about its development. Because reappraisal is thought to be supported by linearlyExpand
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Neural correlates of heart rate variability during emotion
The vagal (high frequency [HF]) component of heart rate variability (HRV) predicts survival in post-myocardial infarction patients and is considered to reflect vagal antagonism of sympathetic influences. Expand
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Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation: An fMRI Study of Cognitive Reappraisal
Despite strong popular conceptions of gender differences in emotionality and striking gender differences in the prevalence of disorders thought to involve emotion dysregulation, the literature on theExpand
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Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processes in Emotion Generation
Emotions are generally thought to arise through the interaction of bottom-up and top-down processes. However, prior work has not delineated their relative contributions. In a sample of 20 females, weExpand
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Individual differences in reappraisal ability: Links to reappraisal frequency, well-being, and cognitive control
Reappraisal is generally viewed as an adaptive emotion regulation strategy. Reappraisal frequency has been associated with greater well-being, and reappraisal ability is thought to be composed ofExpand
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Age-related differences in emotional reactivity, regulation, and rejection sensitivity in adolescence.
Although adolescents' emotional lives are thought to be more turbulent than those of adults, it is unknown whether this difference is attributable to developmental changes in emotional reactivity orExpand
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Individual Differences in Typical Reappraisal Use Predict Amygdala and Prefrontal Responses
BACKGROUND Participants who are instructed to use reappraisal to downregulate negative emotion show decreased amygdala responses and increased prefrontal responses. However, it is not known whetherExpand
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Unpacking cognitive reappraisal: goals, tactics, and outcomes.
Studies of emotion regulation typically contrast two or more strategies (e.g., reappraisal vs. suppression) and ignore variation within each strategy. To address such variation, we focused onExpand
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