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The Neural Bases of Emotion Regulation: Reappraisal and Suppression of Negative Emotion
The Neural Bases of Distraction and Reappraisal
- K. McRae, Brent L. Hughes, S. Chopra, J. Gabrieli, J. Gross, K. Ochsner
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- 1 February 2010
Compared to reappraisal, distraction led to greater decreases in amygdala activation and to greater increases in activation in prefrontal and parietal regions, which suggest that distraction differentially engage neural systems involved in attentional deployment and cognitive reframing and have different emotional consequences.
The development of emotion regulation: an fMRI study of cognitive reappraisal in children, adolescents and young adults.
Compared older children, adolescents and young adults on a task that distinguishes negative emotional reactivity from reappraisal ability, a quadratic pattern of activation with age is observed in regions associated with social cognitive processes like mental state attribution (medial prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, anterior temporal cortex).
Neural correlates of heart rate variability during emotion
Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation: An fMRI Study of Cognitive Reappraisal
- K. McRae, K. Ochsner, I. Mauss, J. Gabrieli, J. Gross
- PsychologyGroup processes & intergroup relations : GPIR
- 1 April 2008
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, male and female participants were asked to use a cognitive emotion regulation strategy (reappraisal) to down-regulate their emotional responses to negatively valenced pictures, and gender differences emerged.
Age-related differences in emotional reactivity, regulation, and rejection sensitivity in adolescence.
- J. Silvers, K. McRae, J. Gabrieli, J. Gross, Katherine A Remy, K. Ochsner
- 28 May 2012
Young adolescents were less successful at regulating responses to social than to nonsocial stimuli, particularly if the adolescents were high in rejection sensitivity, which has important implications for the inclusion of emotion regulation in models of emotional and cognitive development.
Individual differences in reappraisal ability: Links to reappraisal frequency, well-being, and cognitive control
Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processes in Emotion Generation
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to compare the neural correlates of negative emotions generated by the bottom-up perception of aversive images and by the top-down interpretation of neutral images as aversive, finding that both types of responses activated the amygdala.
Individual Differences in Typical Reappraisal Use Predict Amygdala and Prefrontal Responses
Unpacking cognitive reappraisal: goals, tactics, and outcomes.
It is suggested that reappraisal can be implemented in the service of different emotion goals, using different tactics, and differences are associated with different outcomes, and they should be considered in future research and applied attempts to maximize reappRAisal success.