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Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication I: associations with first onset of DSM-IV disorders.
TLDR
Examination of joint associations of 12 retrospectively reported CAs with the first onset of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication suggests that CAs have powerful and often subadditive associations with the onset of many types of largely primary mental disorders throughout the life course. Expand
Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Background Although significant associations of childhood adversities with adult mental disorders are widely documented, most studies focus on single childhood adversities predicting singleExpand
Prevalence, correlates, and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement.
TLDR
Differences suggest that distinct prediction and prevention strategies are needed for ideation, plans among ideators, planned attempts, and unplanned attempts. Expand
Prevalence, persistence, and sociodemographic correlates of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement.
TLDR
Assessment of the prevalence, persistence, and sociodemographic correlates of commonly occurring DSM-IV disorders among adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement suggests that disorder persistence is due more to episode recurrence than to chronicity of child-adolescent onset disorders. Expand
Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in a national sample of adolescents.
TLDR
Interventions designed to prevent PTSD in PTE-exposed youths should be targeted at victims of interpersonal violence with pre-existing fear and distress disorders, whereas interventions designed to reduce PTSD chronicity should attempt to prevent secondary PTE exposure. Expand
Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication II: associations with persistence of DSM-IV disorders.
TLDR
The overall statistically significant associations of CAs with adult DSM-IV/Composite International Diagnostic Interview disorders are due largely to component associations with onsets rather than with persistence, indirectly suggesting that the greatest focus of public health attention on CAs should be aimed at primary rather than secondary prevention. Expand
Age differences in the prevalence and co‐morbidity of DSM‐IV major depressive episodes: results from the WHO World Mental Health Survey Initiative
TLDR
The weakening associations between MDE and physical conditions with increasing age argue against the suggestion that the low estimated prevalence of MDE among the elderly is due to increased confounding with physical disorders. Expand
Childhood adversity and neural development: Deprivation and threat as distinct dimensions of early experience
TLDR
It is argued that these previously undifferentiated dimensions of experience exert strong and distinct influences on neural development that cannot be fully explained by prevailing models focusing only on stress pathways. Expand
The impact of institutional discrimination on psychiatric disorders in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: a prospective study.
TLDR
Living in states with discriminatory policies may have pernicious consequences for the mental health of LGB populations, and these findings lend scientific support to recent efforts to overturn these policies. Expand
Causal effects of the early caregiving environment on development of stress response systems in children
TLDR
Intervention effects were evident for cortisol and parasympathetic nervous system reactivity only among children placed in foster care before age 24 and 18 months, respectively, providing experimental evidence of a sensitive period in humans during which the environment is particularly likely to alter stress response system development. Expand
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