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Creating false memories: Remembering words not presented in lists.
False memories—either remembering events that never happened, or remembering them quite differently from the way they happened—have recently captured the attention of both psychologists and the
The Persistence of False Memories in List Recall
Roediger and McDermott (1995) recently re-introduced a paradigm to study the creation of false memories. Subjects hear short lists of related words (e.g., thread, pin, eye, sewing, etc.), all of
Factors that determine false recall: A multiple regression analysis
TLDR
The results fit well within the theoretical framework postulating that both semantic activation of the critical item and strategic monitoring processes influence the probability of false recall and false recognition in this paradigm.
Neural substrates of envisioning the future
TLDR
Subjects appear to place their future scenarios in well known visual–spatial contexts, and differences between the future and past tasks are attributed to differences in the demands placed on regions that underlie motor imagery of bodily movements.
VERIDICAL AND FALSE MEMORIES IN HEALTHY OLDER ADULTS AND IN DEMENTIA OF THE ALZHEIMER'S TYPE
Five groups of participants (young, healthy old, healthy old-old, very mild Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type, Mild Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type) studied and were tested on six 12-item lists of
Norms for word lists that create false memories
TLDR
These norms serve as a useful benchmark for designing experiments about false recall and false recognition in this paradigm and provide a set of normative data for the lists Roediger and McDermott used and for 12 others developed more recently.
The Rise and Fall of False Recall: The Impact of Presentation Duration☆
The effect of presentation duration on false recall induced by presentation of semantically associated and phonologically associated word lists was examined. When 16-word lists comprised of
Testing during study insulates against the buildup of proactive interference.
TLDR
4 experiments demonstrate a novel benefit of testing, interpolating tests during the study sequence insulates against this negative influence of proactive interference and has important implications for study strategies.
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