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A neurophysiological study of the premotor cortex in the rhesus monkey.
It is concluded that many premotor cortex neurons appear to reflect motor set and show activity patterns during and before the execution of an abstractly guided movement that are strikingly similar to what has been observed in association with movements made directly to visuospatial targets.
Treadmill training with partial body weight support compared with physiotherapy in nonambulatory hemiparetic patients.
Treadmill training offered the advantages of task-oriented training with numerous repetitions of a supervised gait pattern proved powerful in gait restoration of nonambulatory patients with chronic hemiparesis and could therefore become an adjunctive tool to regain walking ability in a shorter period of time.
The Arm Motor Ability Test: reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of an instrument for assessing disabilities in activities of daily living.
  • B. Kopp, A. Kunkel, +6 authors E. Taub
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • 1 June 1997
The AMAT detected the difference in change occurring as a result of the passage of 1 versus 2 weeks in these subacute inpatients, presumably as an result of intensive therapy and/or spontaneous recovery, confirming the results of an earlier intervention study.
Restoration of gait in nonambulatory hemiparetic patients by treadmill training with partial body-weight support.
It is suggested that treadmill training with partial body-weight support could augment restoration of ambulation and other motor functions in hemiparetic patients by active and repetitive training.
Repetitive training of isolated movements improves the outcome of motor rehabilitation of the centrally paretic hand
The results of the present study emphasize the importance of frequent movement repetition for the motor rehabilitation of the centrally paretic hand and challenge conventional physiotherapeutic strategies that focus on spasticity reduction instead of early initiation of active movements.
Characteristics of postural instability induced by ischemic blocking of leg afferents
It is concluded that the oscillations around 1 Hz are due to the long latency and high threshold of vestibularly induced leg muscle discharges arriving in the counterbalancing phase of the trunk, which causes an overshoot in body sway.
Short-term electrical stimulation enhances the effectiveness of Botulinum toxin in the treatment of lower limb spasticity in hemiparetic patients
The study tested the spasmolytic effect of Botulinum toxin A in two groups of hemiparetic patients with lower limb spasticity and found the combined treatment proved to be more effective with respect to the clinically assessed reduction of muscle tone, gait velocity, stride length, stance- and swing-symmetry.
Musical motor feedback (MMF) in walking hemiparetic stroke patients: randomized trials of gait improvement
Musical motor feedback improves the stroke patient's walk in selected parameters more than conventional gait therapy in hemiparetic stroke patients.
Chronic transformation of muscle in spasticity: a peripheral contribution to increased tone.
Mechanical properties of relaxed lower leg muscles were assessed by torque measurements during imposed constant velocity dorsiflexion-plantarflexion cycles and support the hypothesis of secondary structural changes of muscles in spasticity.
Motor control in humans with large-fiber sensory neuropathy.
Proprioceptive afferent inputs are important for accurate postural maintenance and the fine control of movement in patients with a large-fiber sensory neuropathy associated with impaired position, vibration and cutaneous sensation.