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The development of this review article has evolved from work carried out by an international team of the International Space Science Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland, and from work carried out
Regional atmospheric circulation shifts induced by a grand solar minimum
Large changes in solar ultraviolet radiation can indirectly affect climate1 by inducing atmospheric changes. Specifically, it has been suggested that centennial-scale climate variability during the
Improved 11‐year solar signal in the Freie Universität Berlin Climate Middle Atmosphere Model (FUB‐CMAM)
So far, general circulation model studies have not been able to capture the magnitude and characteristics of the observed 11-year solar signal in the stratosphere satisfactorily. Here results from
Modeling the whole atmosphere response to solar cycle changes in radiative and geomagnetic forcing
The NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, version 3 (WACCM3), is used to study the atmospheric response from the surface to the lower thermosphere to changes in solar and geomagnetic forcing
Overview of IGAC/SPARC Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) Community Simulations in Support of Upcoming Ozone and Climate Assessments
The workshop participants recommended the creation of a joint IGAC/SPARC Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) to coordinate future (and to some extent existing) IGAC and SPARC chemistry-climate
Recent variability of the solar spectral irradiance and its impact on climate modelling
The lack of long and reliable time series of solar spectral irradiance (SSI) measurements makes an accurate quantification of solar contributions to recent climate change difficult. Whereas earlier
Amplifying the Pacific Climate System Response to a Small 11-Year Solar Cycle Forcing
Two mechanisms, the top-down stratospheric response of ozone to fluctuations of shortwave solar forcing and the bottom-up coupled ocean-atmosphere surface response, are included in versions of three global climate models, with either mechanism acting alone or both acting together.
The Detection and Attribution Model Intercomparison Project (DAMIP v1.0)contribution to CMIP6
Abstract. Detection and attribution (DA to contribute to the estimation of how historical emissions have altered and are altering contemporary climate risk; and to facilitate improved observationally
Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2)
This paper describes the recommended solar forcing dataset for CMIP6 and highlights changes with respect to CMIP5. The solar forcing is provided for radiative properties, namely total solar
Solar forcing synchronizes decadal North Atlantic climate variability
Comparison of both experiments suggests that the 11-year solar cycle synchronizes quasi-decadal NAO variability intrinsic to the model, consistent with the downward propagation of the solar signal from the stratosphere to the surface.