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Tick-borne encephalitis virus - a review of an emerging zoonosis.
During the last 30 years, there has been a continued increase in human cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Europe, a disease caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). TBEV is endemic inExpand
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Factors affecting the serological response of dogs and cats to rabies vaccination
After being vaccinated against rabies some cats and dogs fail to show an antibody titre adequate to meet the requirements of the UK Pet Travel Scheme. To investigate this problem, the data derivedExpand
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Flavivirus-induced antibody cross-reactivity
Dengue viruses (DENV) cause countless human deaths each year, whilst West Nile virus (WNV) has re-emerged as an important human pathogen. There are currently no WNV or DENV vaccines licensed forExpand
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Emergence of West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Europe: A Review on the Introduction and Spread of a Mosquito-Borne Disease
West Nile virus (WNV) is transmitted by mosquitoes and causes fever and encephalitis in humans, equines, and occasionally wild birds. The virus was first isolated in sub-Saharan Africa where it isExpand
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Louping ill virus: an endemic tick-borne disease of Great Britain.
In Europe and Asia, Ixodid ticks transmit tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), a flavivirus that causes severe encephalitis in humans but appears to show no virulence for livestock and wildlife. InExpand
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Japanese encephalitis virus infection, diagnosis and control in domestic animals.
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a significant cause of neurological disease in humans throughout Asia causing an estimated 70,000 human cases each year with approximately 10,000 fatalities. TheExpand
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Case report: Isolation of a European bat lyssavirus type 2a from a fatal human case of rabies encephalitis
A 55‐year‐old bat conservationist was admitted to Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland, on November 11, 2002, with an acute haematemesis. He gave a 5‐day history of pain and paraesthesia in the leftExpand
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Emerging Tick-Borne Viruses in the Twenty-First Century
Ticks, as a group, are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of pathogens to humans and are the primary vector for pathogens of livestock, companion animals, and wildlife. The role of ticks in theExpand
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A molecular epidemiological study of rabies epizootics in kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in Namibia
BackgroundA panel of 37 rabies virus isolates were collected and studied, originating mainly from the northern and central regions of Namibia, between 1980 and 2003.ResultsThese virus isolatesExpand
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Molecular epidemiology of rabies in bat-eared foxes (Otocyon megalotis) in South Africa.
A panel of 124 rabies viruses from wildlife host species (principally the bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis) and domestic carnivore species were collected between 1980 and 2005 from a region of SouthExpand
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