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A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae)
An examination of external morphology, osteology, and analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA and cytochrome b gene fragments from 31 South Asian species hitherto referred to Puntius shows that these fishes represent at least five lineages recognisable as genera.
Current Treatment for Venom-Induced Consumption Coagulopathy Resulting from Snakebite
Fresh frozen plasma appeared to speed the recovery of coagulopathy and should be considered in bleeding patients, and antivenom is the major treatment for VICC, but there is currently little high-quality evidence to support effectiveness.
Diagnostic 20-min whole blood clotting test in Russell's viper envenoming delays antivenom administration.
In clinical practice, the WBCT20 has low sensitivity for detecting coagulopathy in snake envenoming and should not over-ride clinical assessment-based decisions about antivenom administration.
Comparative in-vivo toxicity of venoms from South Asian hump-nosed pit vipers (Viperidae: Crotalinae: Hypnale)
Hypnale venoms cause similar pathological changes with marked differences in the severity of the toxic effects in vivo, therefore, differences of the clinical manifestations could possibly be seen among bite victims of the three Hypnale species.
Performance of the 20-minute whole blood clotting test in detecting venom induced consumption coagulopathy from Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) bites.
Using trained clinical staff, the WBCT20 test had a relatively good sensitivity for the detection of VICC, but still missed almost one fifth of cases where antivenom was potentially indicated.
Neuromuscular Effects of Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus) Envenoming in Sri Lanka
Common krait envenoming causes rapid onset severe neuromuscular paralysis which takes days to recover clinically consistent with sfEMG, and antivenom effectively cleared venom but did not prevent worsening or reverse neuromUScular paralysis.
Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay
Using a simple assay, potentially a bedside test, high phospholipase activity in sera of patients with viper and elapid envenomation compared to minimal activity in non-envenomed patients is detected.